The Structure of Matter

The Structure of Matter : An Introduction to Quantum Mechanics

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"The Structure of Matter: An Introduction to Quantum Mechanics" originates from the first part of "Physical Chemistry, Second Edition", by R. Stephen Berry, Stuart A. Rice, and John Ross (OUP 2000). Published now as a separate volume, "The Structure of Matter" is designed for introductory quantum mechanics courses at the advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate level. Based on a framework of molecular structure and the theory of quantum mechanics, it discusses the nature and behavior of molecules, starting with the simplest atom (hydrogen), and progressing to two-electron atoms, complex diatomic molecules, larger molecules, and intermolecular forces. In keeping with its parent book, this authoritative text is rigorous, challenging, and offers the most comprehensive treatment available, making it a valuable reference for researching chemists and professionals.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 1080 pages
  • 223.5 x 276.9 x 25.4mm | 1,270.07g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 2nd
  • numerous tables and figures
  • 0195147480
  • 9780195147483

Table of contents

PREFACE; PART I: THE STRUCTURE OF MATTER; 1. THE MICROSCOPIC WORLD: ATOMS AND MOLECULES; 1.1 Development of the Atomic Theory: Relative Atomic Weights; 1.2 Atomic Magnitudes; 1.3 The Charge-to-Mass Ratio of the Electron: Thomson's Method; 1.4 The Charge of the Electron: Millikan's Method; 1.5 Mass Spectrometry; 1.6 The Atomic Mass Scale and the Mole; 1.7 The Periodic Table; 2. ORIGINS OF THE QUANTUM THEORY OF MATTER; 2.1 The Franck-Hertz Experiment; 2.2 The Photoelectric Effect; 2.3 X-rays and Matter; 2.4 The Emission Spectra of Atoms; 2.5 The Nuclear Atom; 2.6 The Problem of Black-Body Radiation; 2.7 The Concept of Action; 2.8 The Harmonic Oscillator; 2.9 Action Quantized: The Heat Capacity of Solids; 2.10 Some Orders of Magnitude; 2.11 Bohr's Model of the Atom; Appendix 2A: Rutherford Scattering; 3. MATTER WAVES IN SIMPLE SYSTEMS; 3.1 The de Broglie Hypothesis; 3.2 The Nature of Waves; 3.3 Dispersion Relations and Wave Equations: The Free Particle; 3.4 Operators; 3.5 Eigenfunctions and Eigenvalues; 3.6 The Particle in a One-Dimensional Box; 3.7 The Indeterminacy or Uncertainty Principle; 3.8 Expectation Values; Summary of Postulates; 3.9 Particles in Two- and Three-Dimensional Boxes; 3.10 Particles in Circular Boxes; 3.11 Particles in Spherical Boxes; 3.12 The Rigid Rotor; Appendix 3A: More on Circular Coordinates and the Circular Box; 4. PARTICLES IN VARYING POTENTIAL FIELDS; TRANSITIONS; 4.1 Finite Potential Barriers; 4.2 The Quantum Mechanical Harmonic Oscillator; 4.3 The Hydrogen Atom; 4.4 The Shapes of Orbitals; 4.5 Transitions between Energy Levels; 5. THE STRUCTURE OF ATOMS; 5.1 Electron Spin; Magnetic Phenomena; 5.2 The Pauli Exclusion Principle; the Aufbau Principle; 5.3 Electronic Configurations of Atoms; 5.4 Calculation of Atomic Structures; 5.5 Atomic Structure and Periodic Behavior; 5.6 Term Splitting and the Vector Model; 5.7 Fine Structure and Spin-Orbit Interactions; Appendix 5A: The Stern-Gerlach Experiment; 6. THE CHEMICAL BOND IN THE SIMPLEST MOLECULES: H[2+ AND H[2; 6.1 Bonding Forces between Atoms; 6.2 The Simplest Molecule: The Hydrogen Molecule-Ion, H[2+; 6.3 H[2+: Molecular Orbitals and the LCAO Approximation; 6.4 H[2+: Obtaining the Energy Curve; 6.5 H[2+: Correlation of Orbitals; Excited States; 6.6 The H[2 Molecule: Simple MO Description; 6.7 Symmetry Properties of Identical Particles; 6.8 H[2: The Valence Bond Representation; 6.9 H[2: Beyond the Simple MO and VB Approximations; 6.10 H[2: Excited Electronic States; Appendix 6A: Orthogonality; Appendix 6B: Hermitian Operators; 7. MORE ABOUT DIATOMIC MOLECULES; 7.1 Vibrations of Diatomic Molecules; 7.2 Rotations of Diatomic Molecules; 7.3 Spectra of Diatomic Molecules; 7.4 The Ionic Bond; 7.5 Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules: Molecular Orbitals and Orbital Correlation; 7.6 Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules: Aufbau Principle and Structure of First-Row Molecules; 7.7 Introduction to Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules: Electronegativity; 7.8 Bonding in LiH: Crossing and Noncrossing Potential Curves; 7.9 Other First-Row Diatomic Hydrides; 7.10 Isoelectronic and Other Series; Appendix 7A: Perturbation Theory; 8. TRIATOMIC MOLECULES; 8.1 Electronic Structure and Geometry in the Simplest Cases: H[3 and H[3+; 8.2 Dihydrides: Introduction to the Water Molecule; 8.3 Hybrid Orbitals; 8.4 Delocalized Orbitals in H[2O: The General MO Method; 8.5 Bonding in More Complex Triatomic Molecules; 8.6 Normal Coordinates and Modes of Vibration; 8.7 A Solvable Example: The Vibrational Modes of CO[2; 8.8 Transitions and Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules: Rotations and Vibrations; 8.9 Transitions and Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules: Magnetic Transitions; 8.10 Transitions and Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules: Electronic Transitions; 9. LARGER POLYATOMIC MOLECULES; 9.1 Small Molecules; 9.2 Catenated Carbon Compounds; Transferability; 9.3 Other Extended Structures; 9.4 Some Steric Effects; 9.5 Complex Ions and Other Coordination Compounds: Simple Polyhedra; 9.6 Chirality and Optical Rotation; 9.7 Chiral and Other Complex Ions; 9.8 Magnetic Properties of Complexes; 9.9 Electronic Structure of Complexes; Appendix 9A: Schmidt Orthogonalization; 10. INTERMOLECULAR FORCES; 10.1 Long-Range Forces: Interactions between Charge Distributions; 10.2 Empirical Intermolecular Potentials; 10.3 Weakly Associated Molecules; 11. THE STRUCTURE OF SOLIDS; 11.1 Some General Properties of Solids; 11.2 Space Lattices and Crystal Symmetry; 11.3 X-ray Diffraction from Crystals: The Bragg Model; 11.4 The Laue Model; 11.5 Determination of Crystal Structures; 11.6 Techniques of Diffraction; 11.7 Molecular Crystals; 11.8 Structures of Ionic Crystals; 11.9 Binding Energy of Ionic Crystals; 11.10 Covalent Solids; 11.11 The Free-Electron Theory of Metals; 11.12 The Band Theory of Solids; 11.13 Conductors, Insulators, and Semiconductors; 11.14 Other Forms of Condensed Matter; APPENDICES; I. Systems of Units; II. Partial Derivatives; III. Glossary of Symbols; IV. Searching the Scientific Literature; INDEXshow more