Structural Geology

Structural Geology : The Mechanics of Deforming Metamorphic Rocks

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Description

Structural Geology is a groundbreaking reference that introduces you to the concepts of nonlinear solid mechanics and non-equilibrium thermodynamics in metamorphic geology, offering a fresh perspective on rock structure and its potential for new interpretations of geological evolution. This book stands alone in unifying deformation and metamorphism and the development of the mineralogical fabrics and the structures that we see in the field. This reflects the thermodynamics of systems not at equilibrium within the framework of modern nonlinear solid mechanics. The thermodynamic approach enables the various mechanical, thermal, hydrological and chemical processes to be rigorously coupled through the second law of thermodynamics, invariably leading to nonlinear behavior. The book also differs from others in emphasizing the implications of this nonlinear behavior with respect to the development of the diverse, complex, even fractal, range of structures in deformed metamorphic rocks.
Building on the fundamentals of structural geology by discussing the nonlinear processes that operate during the deformation and metamorphism of rocks in the Earth's crust, the book's concepts help geoscientists and graduate-level students understand how these processes control or influence the structures and metamorphic fabrics-providing applications in hydrocarbon exploration, ore mineral exploration, and architectural engineering.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 680 pages
  • 200.66 x 233.68 x 45.72mm | 1,564.89g
  • United States
  • English
  • 0124078206
  • 9780124078208
  • 1,528,700

Table of contents

Preface Acknowledgements 1. Introduction Part I: THE MECHANICS OF DEFORMING SOLIDS: OVERVIEW OF SECTION A 2. Geometry: The Concept of Deformation 3. Kinematics e Deformation Histories 4. The Balance Laws: Forces Involved in Deformation 5. Energy Flow e Thermodynamics 6. Constitutive Relations 7. Nonlinear Dynamics Part II PROCESSES INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURES: OVERVIEW OF SECTION B 8. Brittle Flow 9. Visco-Plastic Flow 10. Damage Evolution 11. Transport of Heat 12. Fluid Flow 13. Microstructural Rearrangements 14. Mineral Reactions: Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium Aspects 15. Models for Mineral Phase Nucleation and Growth Epilogue Appendix A: Commonly Used Symbols Appendix B: Vectors, Tensors and Matrices Appendix C: Some Useful Mathematical Concepts and Relations References Index
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Review quote

"...develop the relevant mathematics to describe the forces acting on the rocks and apply them to deformation, fluid flow, thermal transport and mineral reactions..." --ATSE Focus "A long overdue treatment of the subject, this book is highly recommended and anticipated to become established as a standard reference work." --The Geological Society
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