Stone Tools and Fossil Bones : Debates in the Archaeology of Human Origins
The stone tools and fossil bones from the earliest archaeological sites in Africa have been used over the past fifty years to create models that interpret how early hominins lived, foraged, behaved and communicated and how early and modern humans evolved. In this book, an international team of archaeologists and primatologists examines early Stone Age tools and bones and uses scientific methods to test alternative hypotheses that explain the archaeological record. By focusing on both lithics and faunal records, this volume presents the most holistic view to date of the archaeology of human origins.
- Electronic book text
- 05 Apr 2012
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 25 b/w illus. 1 map 9 tables
Table of contents
1. Towards a scientific-realistic theory on the origin of human behavior Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo; Part I. On the Use of Analogy I: The Earliest Meat-Eaters: 2. Conceptual premises in experimental design and their bearing on the use of analogy: a critical example from experiments on cut marks Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo; 3. The use of bone surface modifications to model hominid lifeways during the Oldowan Charles P. Egeland; 4. On early hominin meat-eating and carcass acquisition strategies: still relevant after all these years? Karen D. Lupo; 5. Meat-foraging by Pleistocene African hominins: tracking behavioral evolution beyond baseline inferences of early access to carcasses Travis Rayne Pickering and Henry T. Bunn; 6. Can we use chimpanzee behavior to model early hominin hunting? Travis Rayne Pickering and Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo; Part II. On the Use of Analogy II: The Earliest Stone Tool Makers: 7. The origins of the Oldowan: why are chimpanzees (pan troglodytes) still good models for the technological evolution in Africa? Susana Carvalho and William McGrew; 8. What does Oldowan technology represent in terms of hominin behavior? David R. Braun; 9. Testing cognitive skills in early Pleistocene hominins: an analysis of the concepts of hierarchization and predetermination in the lithic assemblages of type section (Peninj, Tanzania) Fernando Diez-Martin, Policarpo Sanchez Yustos, Javier Baena, Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo and Daniel Rubio; 10. The early Acheulean in Africa: past paradigms, current ideas, and future directions Fernando Diez-Martin and Metin I. Eren.
'This volume has a good feel to it - a handsome compact book about the early archaeology of human evolution, all in one ... This collection is stimulating in reflecting a strong hand, but also showing a plurality of contributions and opinions.' John Gowlett, Journal of African Archaeology