Stoddart's Encyclopaedia Americana; A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature, and Companion to the Encyclopaedia Britannica Volume 3
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1886 edition. Excerpt: ...promising remission of both sin and its punishment Although there were abuses connected with the publication of indulgences at the period of the Reformation, Luther's charges were met hy Tetzel in a document which sets forth clearly the Church's doctrine concerning indulgences as remissions, not of sin, past, present, or future, but only of its temporal punishment. Doctrine.--An indulgence, as stated by approved Catholic theologians, is remissive simply of the temporal penalty due to sin. It is a first principle of the faith that no sin whatever is remitted quoad pomam. as to its punishment, until it has been remitted quoad cidpam, or as to its guilt An indulgence docs not come into operation until sin, even venial, has been forgiven, either by means of sacramental absolution or as the effect of true contrition. It does not produce justification, but presupposes and follows it. In no imaginable case can an indulgence be the remission of sin, much less its permission. It takes place only after sin has been removed, and regards its punishment only. The Church holds that sin, in addition to its guilt or intrinsic malice (reatvs culpa), renders the sinner also liable to punishment (reatvs poena;), either here or hereafter. She claims the power of remitting the guilt of sin, and, in consequence, its eternal punishment Can she also condone the temporal punishment? This, she holds, was done by St. Paul in the case of the incestuous Corinthian (2 Cor. ii. 10). The power of binding and of loosing conferred upon St. Peter, and sub-, sequently upon the apostles collectively (Matt. xvi. and xviii.), is also adduced in favor of the doctrine. The teaching concerning the existence of the "treasure of the Church," whilst not strictly of faith, ...
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