Statistical Process Control and Quality Improvement
For freshman/sophomore level introductory courses in SPC, Statistical Quality Control, or Quality Control found in two and four-year college curriculums, and in industrial training programs.This "mathematics-friendly" text introduces students to basic concepts and applications of Statistical Process Control (SPC). Students get a solid foundation in control charts-including setting scales, charting, interpreting, and analyzing process capability. Problem-solving techniques are emphasized, and all learning is linked to the implementation of SPC in the workplace.
- Paperback | 650 pages
- 187.96 x 238.76 x 30.48mm | 1,133.98g
- 31 May 2000
- Pearson Education (US)
- United States
- 4th edition
Table of contents
1. Introduction to Quality Concepts and Statistical Process Control. What is Quality? The Need for SPC. Prevention versus detection. SPC Goals. The basic Tools for SPC. Statistical Process Control Techniques. Applying SPC to an Existing Manufacturing Process. Designed Experiments.2. Striving for Quality: Management's Problem and Management's Solution. Management's Problem. Management's Dilemma. Leadership by Management. Deming's Contribution to Quality. Deming's 14 Points for Management. Deming's Seven Deadly Diseases. Crosby's Approach. A Comparison of Deming's 14 Points and Crosby's 14 Steps. Which Way to Top Quality? Pitfalls in the Quest for Quality. Total Quality Management (TQM). The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award. Total Customer Satisfaction. ISO-9000. The Service Sector.3. Introduction to Variation and Statistics. Measurement Concepts. Special-Cause and Common-Cause Variation. The Variation Concepts. Distributions and SPC Goals. Basic Statistical Concepts. Distributions and Three Standard Deviations.4. Organization of Data: Introduction to Tables, Charts, and Graphs. Stemplots. Frequency Distributions and Tally Charts. Histograms. Histogram Analysis Examples. Pareto Charts. Flowcharts. Storyboards. The Cause-and-Effect Diagram. Checksheets. Scatterplots.5. The Normal Probability Distribution. Probability Distributions. The Normal Probability Distribution. The Application of the Central Limit Theorem.6. Introduction to Control Charts. Introduction to the Control Chart Concept. Preparation for Control Charting. Control Charts and Run Charts. The Basic x and R Charts. The x and R Chart Procedure. The Continuation Control Chart. The Capability Analysis. Six-Sigma Quality.7. Additional Control Charts for Variables. The Median and Range Chart (x and R). x and s Charts. Coding Data. A Modified x and R Chart for Small Sets of Data. The Nominal x and R Chart. The Transformation x and R Chart. Control Chart Selection.8. Variables Charts for Limited Data. Precontrol or Rainbow Charts. Compound Probability. Modified Precontrol for Tight Control. Charts for Individual Measurements.9. Attributes Control Charts. The Four Types of Attributes Charts. The p Chart. The np Chart. The c Chart. The u Chart. SPC Applied to the Learning Process. Technology in SPC.10. Interpreting Control Charts. The Random Distribution of Points. Freaks. Binomial Distribution Applications. Freak Patterns. Shifts. Runs and Trends. Time and Control Chart Patterns. Cycles. Grouping. Instability. Stable Mixtures. Stratification. Using Control Chart Patterns in Problem Solving.11. Problem Solving. The Problem-Solving Sequence. Teamwork for Problem Solving. Brainstorming. Using Problem-Solving Tools. Mistake Proofing. Problem Solving in Management. JIT (Just-in-time). Problem Solving in the Classroom.12. Gauge Capability. Preparations for a Gauge Capability Study. The Gauge Capability Procedure. Analysis of R and R with Accuracy and Stability: Maximum Possible Deflection. The Elimination of Gauge Variation From Process Variation. Indecisive Gauge Readings.13. Acceptance Sampling. The Sampling Dilemma. Random Sampling. Operating Characteristic Curves. The Average Outgoing Quality Curve. MLT-STD-105D for Inspection by Attributes. The Average Proportion Defective. Vendor Certification and Control Chart Monitoring.Appendix A. Basic Math Concepts and Probability. Signed Numbers. Variables. Order of Operations. Inequalities. Using the Statistical Calculator. Probability.Appendix B. Charts and Tables. Formulas and Constants for Control Charts. The G Chart. The Normal Distribution Table (Tail Area). The Normal Distribution Table (Center Area). The Normal Distribution Table (Left Area). Process Capability.Appendix C. Glossary of Symbols. Appendix D. Lab Exercises. Answers to Odd Exercises. Index.