The Statesman's Year-Book Volume 36
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1899 edition. Excerpt: ...Superieure de la Marine, Ecole Navale de Brest, &c; for civil services and industry: Ecole des Mines, Ecole des Ponts et Chaussees, Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, Ecole Superieure des Hautes Etudes commerciales, Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers. For secondary instruction there were in France on November 5, 1897, 115 (with Algeria, Martinique aud Reunion) State lycies with 52,630 pupils, 229 communal colleges with 32,740 pupils, and 65 lyc6es aud colleges for girls with 13,894 pupils; total, 409 secondary schools with 99,261 pupils. Of the lycic; (boys' and girls') the receipts in 1896, from the State, from departments and towns, and from fees, amounted to 37,274,008 francs. To the communal colleges the State contributed 2,449,355 francs in 1895. There arc also small seminaries belonging to the clergy. There are, besides, numerous technical, industrial, and other special schools for the highest or secondary education, either public or private, under the supervision of several Ministers (education, war, marine, colonics, public works, commerce and industry). Elementary schools existed before the Revolution in the towns and in many of the rural parishes of France, but little was done for the advancement of education till near the first quarter of this century. In 1833 a law was passed requiring every commune to maintain at least ono primary school, every town one higher primary school, and every department one primary tl? uonnal school. A law of 1850 obliged every commune with a population of 800 (extended in 1867 to communes with a population of 500) to have a school for girls. Since 1878 elementary education has advanced rapidly; many schools have been built, the number of teachers and pupils has increased (until 1889), and...
- 189 x 246 x 27mm | 930g
- 13 Sep 2013
- United States
- black & white illustrations