The State of Prisons of England, Scotland and Wales

The State of Prisons of England, Scotland and Wales : Not for the Debtor Only, but for Felons Also, and Other Less Criminal Offenders

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Description

James Neild (1744-1814), penal reformer and philanthropist, first became interested in the welfare of prisoners after visiting a friend jailed for debt. He went on to investigate prisons across Britain, France, Flanders, and Germany, fundraising to release those incarcerated for petty debt. In 1772 he helped establish the Society for the Relief and Discharge of Persons Imprisoned for Small Debts (the Thatched House Society), which succeeded in freeing over 16,000 debtors. Published in 1812, this work records the findings of Neild's thorough survey of debtors' prisons in Britain, and also discusses those imprisoned for other minor criminal offences. Neild exposes the harsh sentences assigned to debtors and petty criminals, using this evidence to support his campaign to improve the conditions of the prisoners and to stop imprisonment for debt. His efforts to improve the conditions of prisoners eventually influenced parliamentary reforms of the penal system.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 2 b/w illus.
  • 1139095331
  • 9781139095334

Table of contents

Dedication; 1. Observations on civil imprisonment; 2. Remarks on courts of conscience; 3. Observations on crimes and punishments; 4. General list of prisons, distinguished in alphabetical order; 5. State of prisons in England, Scotland, and Wales; 6. Conclusion; Portsmouth and Langston Harbours; Statements respecting criminals.show more