State Hospital Bulletin Volume 7

State Hospital Bulletin Volume 7

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1914 edition. Excerpt: ...Park State Hospital, Kings Park. N. Y. One of the great needs of practical psychiatry is that of standardized methods of mental measurement. For some such methods a debt of gratitude is already due to psychologists; but our experience in their application has gradually led us to realize that the standards which have been developed and made available do not take sufiiciently into account environmental influences. It has been too readily assumed at times that a difference in the showing of two subjects is necessarily to be attributed to a difference in native mental capacity. It will be granted, of course, that to provide a satisfactory correction of the error due to the variable influence of environment would be a diflicult matter; but it has occurred to us that the difiiculty might be materially reduced by confining our proposed tests to a selected sphere of knowledge or activity in relation to a corresponding and readily measurable sample of the environment, so to speak, rather than to the environment as a whole. To take a concrete example, we could perhaps form a more useful practical judgment of the aptitudes of a printer's apprentice by considering the speed and accuracy with which he can set up a page of text in relation to the length of his apprenticeship, than we could by applying a series of tests of general intelligence and then attempting to correct the results by somehow taking into account the sum total of his general environmental influences. Assuming that this is so, then in order to develop a generally applicable method it is necessary before all to choose a readily measurable " sample " of environment which would affect, more or less markedly, all or at least a great majority of possible subjects. We more

Product details

  • Paperback | 214 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 11mm | 390g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236943619
  • 9781236943613