Stage Fright

Stage Fright : Modernism, Anti-Theatricality, and Drama

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Grounded equally in discussions of theater history, literary genre, and theory, Martin Puchner's Stage Fright: Modernism, Anti-Theatricality, and Drama explores the conflict between avant-garde theater and modernism. While the avant-garde celebrated all things theatrical, a dominant strain of modernism tended to define itself against the theater, valuing lyric poetry and the novel instead. Defenders of the theater dismiss modernism's aversion to the stage and its mimicking actors as one more form of the old "anti-theatrical" prejudice. But Puchner shows that modernism's ambivalence about the theater was shared even by playwrights and directors and thus was a productive force responsible for some of the greatest achievements in dramatic literature and theater. A reaction to the aggressive theatricality of Wagner and his followers, the modernist backlash against the theater led to the peculiar genre of the closet drama-a theatrical piece intended to be read rather than staged-whose long-overlooked significance Puchner traces from the theatrical texts of Mallarme and Stein to the dramatic "Circe" chapter of Joyce's Ulysses.
At times, then, the anti-theatrical impulse leads to a withdrawal from the theater. At other times, however, it returns to the stage, when Yeats blends lyric poetry with Japanese Noh dancers, when Brecht controls the stage with novelistic techniques, and when Beckett buries his actors in barrels and behind obsessive stage directions. The modernist theater thus owes much to the closet drama whose literary strategies it blends with a new mise en scene. While offering an alternative history of modernist theater and literature, Puchner also provides a new account of the contradictory forces within modernism.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 248 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 13mm | 340g
  • Baltimore, MD, United States
  • English
  • 2 Line drawings, black and white
  • 1421403994
  • 9781421403991
  • 847,049

Flap copy

Grounded equally in discussions of theater history, literary genre, and theory, Martin Puchner's Stage Fright explores the conflict between avant-garde theater and modernism.

In this superb examination of theatricality and its detractors, Martin Puchner takes a close look at the theories of Stéphane Mallarmé, James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, William Butler Yeats, Bertolt Brecht, and Samuel Beckett . . . [An] important study.--Theatre Journal

A breathtaking tour de force through different languages, genres, and millennia from Plato to the Wooster Group, Stage Fright opens up a theoretical path for the reintegration of theater studies into the German studies discourse . . . An intellectual treat and a must-read for any scholar dealing with twentieth-century literature and culture.--Germanic Review

After this study, a lot of polemic energy spent in debate between pro-theatricalists and anti-theatricalists, between adherents of modernism and those of the avant-garde, can be spared . . . As Puchner brilliantly demonstrates, the radical difference must be thought, first and foremost, along the parameters of anti-theatrical modernism versus the theatrical avant-garde.--Modernism/modernity

A provocative reassessment of modernism and the post-Wagnerian theater. Stage Fright is well written, clearly argued, and nicely organized, with a diction that is authoritative without being stuffy.--Comparative Literature

--Joseph Roach, Yale University "The Comparatist"
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Back cover copy

Grounded equally in discussions of theater history, literary genre, and theory, Martin Puchner's Stage Fright explores the conflict between avant-garde theater and modernism.

"In this superb examination of theatricality and its detractors, Martin Puchner takes a close look at the theories of Stéphane Mallarmé, James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, William Butler Yeats, Bertolt Brecht, and Samuel Beckett... [An] important study."--Theatre Journal

"A breathtaking tour de force through different languages, genres, and millennia from Plato to the Wooster Group, Stage Fright opens up a theoretical path for the reintegration of theater studies into the German studies discourse... An intellectual treat and a must-read for any scholar dealing with twentieth-century literature and culture."--Germanic Review

"After this study, a lot of polemic energy spent in debate between pro-theatricalists and anti-theatricalists, between adherents of modernism and those of the avant-garde, can be spared... As Puchner brilliantly demonstrates, the radical difference must be thought, first and foremost, along the parameters of anti-theatrical modernism versus the theatrical avant-garde."--Modernism/modernity

"A provocative reassessment of modernism and the post-Wagnerian theater. Stage Fright is well written, clearly argued, and nicely organized, with a diction that is authoritative without being stuffy."--Comparative Literature
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Table of contents

Contents: The Invention of Theatricality Richard Wagner The Modernist Closet DramaStephane Mallarme James Joyce Gertrude Stein The Diegetic TheaterWilliam Butler Yeats Bertolt Brecht Samuel Beckett
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Review quote

In this superb examination of theatricality and its detractors, Martin Puchner takes a close look at the theories of Stephane Mallarme, James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, William Butler Yeats, Bertolt Brecht, and Samuel Beckett... In order to circumvent theatricality, Puchner observes, these authors shared common strategies: the superimposition of stage directions, choral figures, narratives, and commentators on the action, and characters who observe their own actions-all designed to disrupt mimesis, illusion, and theatrical virtuosity... [An] important study. -- David Krasner Theatre Journal A breathtaking tour de force through different languages, genres, and millennia from Plato to the Wooster Group, Stage Fright opens up a theoretical path for the reintegration of theater studies into the German studies discourse... Puchner argues persuasively that theater plays a constitutive role in modernism and proposes theatricality as the divisive aesthetical moment in the opposition between modernism and the avant-garde... Puchner's book is original and exciting even in its asides and footnotes... an intellectual treat and a must-read for any scholar dealing with twentieth-century literature and culture. -- Veronika Fuechtner Germanic Review After this study, a lot of polemic energy spent in debate between pro-theatricalists and anti-theatricalists, between adherents of modernism and those of the avant-garde, can be spared. The fault lines between solipsistic and elitist modernism on the one side, and a collaborative and political avant-garde on the other, must be drawn anew. As Puchner brilliantly demonstrates, the radical difference must be thought, first and foremost, along the parameters of anti-theatrical modernism versus the theatrical avant-garde... By doing justice to the minute details of... the dramas and theories of Mallarme, Joyce, Stein, Yeats, Brecht and Beckett, Puchner makes a compelling case for the central thesis of the book. Moreover, Puchner... provides a new vocabulary to analyze modernism's 'hate affair' with the theater. -- Klaus Mladek Modernism/modernity Puchner's vigorous discussion... provides a new way to rethink drama's relationship both with the actual theatre and with its closeted literary counterparts... [and] offers a provocative remapping of the twentieth century's theatrical (and anti-theatrical) energies. -- Stanton B. Garner, Jr. Modern Drama A provocative reassessment of modernism and the post-Wagnerian theater. Stage Fright is well written, clearly argued, and nicely organized, with a diction that is authoritative without being stuffy... Those interested in the history of the theater will find in Puchner's emphasis on the value and devaluing of theatricality a means of re-reading a century. Scholars of modernism may find this value and its articulation in Stage Fright equally useful for approaching other texts and genres. -- Geoffrey Baker Comparative Literature 2004 Puchner's positioning of the Epic Theater in a larger, exhaustively and well-theorized context of modernist attempts to reconfigure the actor and create legible gestures by diegetic means certainly makes his book a major contribution to Brecht scholarship. -- Markus Wessendorf Brecht Yearbook This book-with its thoughtful examination of difficult questions-is exceptionally smart and will usefully recalibrate discussions of modernism and modernist theatre. Theatre Research International A capital addition to the history of theater as well as an innovative theoretical approach rooted in literary history. -- Anne V. Cirella-Urrutia The Comparatist
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About Martin Puchner

Martin Puchner is a professor of English and comparative literature at Harvard University and author of The Drama of Ideas: Platonic Provocations in Theater and Philosophy.
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Rating details

12 ratings
3.66 out of 5 stars
5 33% (4)
4 17% (2)
3 42% (5)
2 0% (0)
1 8% (1)
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