Special Reports of the Commissioner of Labor [For the Years] Volume 3

Special Reports of the Commissioner of Labor [For the Years] Volume 3

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1893 edition. Excerpt: ...4 6 6. Yellowish marl containing 61 per cent. of carbonate of lime...................... _. 2 0 At this depth the color changes with a green tint, and the marl increases in strength to 71 per cent. of carbonate of lime, and continues thus 7 feet deeper. The surface of the marl bed was found to be very much broken and irregular, having deep holes in it filled with blue mud and sand. Arrangements were immediately made to dig and marl lands extensively for the next crop, and a pit was opened 20 feet wide and 40 feet long." It was on the 23d or 24th day of February, 1844, whilst engaged in the removal of the upper beds covering the marl, and preparing for opening the large pit just alluded to, the laborers discovered among the rocks several stone arrow heads and one stone hatchet; they were found directly under the roots of a large oak, which was cut down and its roots removed to make way for our marling operations. The tree stood just within the margin of the high land skirting the marsh; the pit, as laid out, encroached upon the high land side about 10 feet, and the depth of the soil was about 3 feet above the rocky stratum. The late Dr. Thomas L. Burden, an accomplished gentleman and scholar, and a true lover of nature, more especially of the departments of botany and paleontology, accompanied us almost daily, collecting fossils in the neighborhood. We had during our explorations discovered, upon one or two occasions, a few arrow heads and spear heads (for such we took them to be), in out of the way places, and differing so greatly in their general characteristics from those commonly found scattered all over this continent, that we examined and studied them again and again with deep interest, and were continually comparing them with...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 66 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 136g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236853822
  • 9781236853820