Introduction. Why You Need This Book. How to Use This Book. Visit Our Web Site. Chapter 1: Spelling and Pronunciation. Consonants. Double consonants. Dictionary placement. The letter c. The letter g. The letter j. The letter h. The letter d. The letter t. The letters b and v. Vowels and Dipthongs. Models for vowel pronunciation. Vowel combinations. Consonants as vowels. Stress and Accentuation. Chapter 2: Review of Sentence and Question Structure. Basic Sentence Structure. Subject Pronouns. Interrogative Pronouns (Question Words). "What" rule 1. "What" rule 2. "What" rule 3. Creating and Answering Questions. Writing questions with question words. How to use the right pronoun to answer a question. Chapter 3: Review of the Present Tense Indicative. Yo Irregulars. -oy verbs. -go verbs. -zco verbs. Verbs ending in -ger or -gir. Ver and saber. Extra Y Verbs. Stem-Changing Verbs in the Present Tense. e>ie stem-changers. o>ue stem-changers. e/i> stem-changers. The Really Irregular Verbs. Chapter 4: Review of the Past Tenses. Regular Verbs in the Preterit Tense. Verbs with Spelling Changes in the Preterit Tense. Verbs that end in -car. Verbs that end in -gar. Verbs that end in -zar. i to y. -ar or -er Verbs in the Preterit Tense. Stem-Changers in the Preterit Tense. Morphing Irregulars in the Preterit Tense. u-stem verbs. i-stem verbs. j-stem verbs. The Truly Irregular Verbs in the Preterit. Regular Verbs in the Imperfect. The Three Imperfect Irregular Verbs. Chapter 5: New Verb Tenses. The Future Tense. Using the future tense in sentences. Regular verbs. Irregular verbs. The Conditional Tense. Using the conditional tense in sentences. Regular verbs. Irregular verbs. Chapter 6: The Perfect Tenses. The Past Participle. Regular past participles. Irregular past participles. The Helping Verb Haber. Compound Tenses. Present perfect. Past perfect (pluperfect). Preterit perfect (past anterior). Future perfect (future anterior). Conditional perfect. Chapter 7: Subjunctive Mood I. The Present Subjunctive. Creating present subjunctive verb forms. Present subjunctive of -ar verbs. Verbs that end in -car, -gar, and -zar. Present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs. Yo Irregulars. -go verbs. -zco verbs. -zo verbs. -gir verbs. -guir verbs. -uir verbs that add a y. Stem-Changers in the Present Subjunctive. Truly Irregular Verbs in the Present Subjunctive. Chapter 8: Subjunctive Mood II. When to Use the Subjunctive Mood. Subjunctive Indicators. Wishes. Emotion. Impersonal expressions. Requests. Doubt. Conjunctions that determine mood by the tense of the first clause. Chapter 9: The Imperative. Affirmative Tu Commands. Regular verbs. Irregular affirmative tu commands. Command Forms Using the Subjunctive. Spelling changes. Nosotros ("Let's") Commands. Vosotros Commands. Using Pronouns with Commands. Chapter 10: Adjectives and Comparisons. Basic Review of Adjectives. Correct gender. Using the plural forms of adjectives. Placement of adjectives in a sentence. Possessive Adjectives. Demonstrative Adjectives. Comparisons. Superlatives. Chapter 11: Prepositions. Simple Prepositions. The preposition a. The preposition de. The preposition en. The preposition con. Por and para. Compound Prepositions. Idiomatic usage. Verbs with prepositions. Verbs Followed by Prepositions in English but Not in Spanish. Use with infinitive. Chapter 12: Pronouns. Object Pronouns. Direct object pronouns. Indirect object pronouns. Reflexive Pronouns. Common reflexive verbs. Pronouns Used after a Preposition. Demonstrative Pronouns. Possessive Pronouns. Pronoun Placement. Relative Pronouns. Chapter 13: Passive Voice, Conjunctions, and More Sentence Variations. Using the Passive Voice. Passive voice created by ser and a past participle. Passive voice created by se. Passive voice created by hay que. Conjunctions. Pero and mas. Sino. O and y. Subordinate conjunctions. Correlative conjunctions. Negatives. Questions. Cual and que. Prepositions in questions. Exclamations. Que. Cuanto. Como. Chapter 14: Past Subjunctive and Sequence of Tenses. Verb Rules for Forming the Past Subjunctive. Sequence of Tenses. Subjunctive Indicators. Ojala. Introductory clauses that show emotion. The Past Subjunctive Formulas. CQR Review. CQR Resource Center. Glossary. Appendix: Antonyms and Synonyms. Antonyms. Verbs and their opposites. Nouns and their opposites. Adjectives and their opposites. More useful words and their opposites. Synonyms. Synonymous verbs. Synonymous nouns. More important synonyms. Index.