Excerpt from The South African Mining Journal, Vol. 27: With Which Is Incorporated "the South African Mines, Commerce and Industries"; Dec 1, 1917
In the above 1t w ill be seen that in 1916 diggers in the Transvaal produced carats, value per individual digger 1711, and the value per carat 4 4s. 3d. Diggers in the Cape Province produced carats, value per individual digger 5293, and the value per carat 6 12s. 4d. In 1915 872 diggers in the 'i'ransvaal produced carats, value per individual digger 1461, and the value per carat 3 13s. L0d. 851 diggers in the Cape Province pro duced carats, value per individual digger 3045, and the value per carat 4 3s. 8d. The above comparative table shows that in both years the diggers in the Transvaal exceeded in number those in the Cape Province; they produced less and the value of the carat was lower and their earnings were also lower. Even' if one assumes that each digger actually gained what he is here credited with (which he did not, as will be shown later), does it impress anyone that for the energy displayed he has received an adequate reward? From the amounts earned there are still the working costs to be deducted, and this leaves the luckless digger to gain what sustenance he can from the proverbial oil rag. It now remains to deal with the more imposing, but nevertheless misleading, figures of the Cape Province - the insignificant o.f.s. Returns can be entirely left out of the discussion. Let us_ take the results of the good year, viz., 1916. There were diggers engaged, who earned amongst them giving an average earning of 529 per individual. Now consider the costs, and the figures given are very conservative and the calculations are based on the assumption that the diggers have each earned a like amount and employed an equal number of natives.
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