Some Phases in the Development of the Subjective Point of View During the Post-Aristotelian Period

Some Phases in the Development of the Subjective Point of View During the Post-Aristotelian Period

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1911 edition. Excerpt: ...same thing refer not actually but only nominally to the same thing. All persons must pass the same judgments when they have similar impressions under like physical conditions; when two individuals appear to judge differently about the same thing, they are in fact judging different things. 1 Us. 247, 250, 288; Lucr. iv. 478; Sext. vii. 210, 369. D. L. x. 42, 53. 3 Ibid. x. 39-41; Us. 6: auiarriliiMra., avufitfiiiKtrra.. 4D. L. 54, 49-Si; Lucr. ii. 730, 749, 786; Us. fr. 29, pp. 11-13. 5 D. L. x. 46-50; Sext. vii. 209; Lucr. iv. 87, 104, 252, 714. B. Judgment and Inferential Reasoning On the basis of the psychological propositions that all percepts and forms of imagery are ei&oAa of which the understanding is conscious, and that sense-perception is a receptive process while thinking is a voluntary activity, the cause of error can be found only in thought as it works on the sensuous material and adds something of its own accord.1 Even in optical illusions the senses do not mislead, but the mind draws false inferences. "Nothing is harder," says Lucretius, "than to draw the line between manifest facts and the uncertainties which the mind all of itself straightway adds on."2 "Error and false judgment always consist in forming beforehand some opinion about the future or the unknown..... There would be no false judgments unless we felt some other activity originating in ourselves, that joins itself to the various impressions and is capable of making distinctions. If the discriminations thus made are not proved or are disproved, the judgment is false; if proved or not disproved, it is true.1"3 Judgments are grounded on immediate sensation, and may therefore be either true or false whenever they pass beyond or reject the immediate experience.4 If a...
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  • Paperback | 38 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 86g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236671422
  • 9781236671424