Socialism and Positive Science; (Darwin - Spencer - Marx)

Socialism and Positive Science; (Darwin - Spencer - Marx)

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1906 edition. Excerpt: ... the Middle Ages, enjoyed certain customary rights which attached him to the land and secured to him at least--except in case of scarcity--daily bread. The free wage earner of the modern world, on the contrary, is always condemned to labour not fit for a human being both by its length and its character. This is the justification for the claim for an eight hours' day, which can already reckon more than one victory, and which is destined to a certain triumph. As no permanent juridical relation connects him either with the capitalist landlord or with the land, his daily bread is not secured to him, because the employer has nolonger any interest in feeding and maintaining-the workers in his factory or his field. The death or the illness of the worker can, in fact, bring no diminution of his patrimony, and he can always have recourse to the inexhaustible crowd of proletarians which the slack season offers him in the market. This is why--not because the present employers are more wicked than those of the past, but because even the moral sentiments are a product of the economic condition--the landowner or the steward of his estate, will hasten to call a veterinary surgeon if the ox in his stall is taken ill, so that he may avoid the loss of so much capital, while he shows no eagerness in having a doctor called if it is his drover's son who is attacked. Certainly there may be (and there are exceptions more or less frequent) a landowner who is a contradiction to this rule, especially when he lives in daily contact with his workers. It cannot be denied further that the rich classes are sometimes troubled with the spirit of beneficence--even without the " charity fad," and that they thus sooth the inward voice of moral uneasiness which troubles...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 52 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 109g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236517121
  • 9781236517128