The Social Construction of Difference and Inequality

The Social Construction of Difference and Inequality : Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality

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This anthology examines the social construction of race, class, gender, and sexuality and the institutional bases for these relations. While other texts discuss various forms of stratification and the impact of these on members of marginalized groups, Ore provides a thorough discussion of how such systems of stratification are formed and perpetuated and how forms of stratification are interconnected. The anthology supplies sufficient pedagogical tools to aid the student in understanding how the material relates to her/his own life and how her/his own attitudes, actions, and perspectives may serve to perpetuate a stratified more

Product details

  • Paperback | 672 pages
  • 157.5 x 226.1 x 25.4mm | 816.48g
  • McGraw-Hill Education - Europe
  • Mayfield Publishing Co ,U.S.
  • United States
  • English, Multiple languages
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 0767429281
  • 9780767429283

Table of contents

Part I: Constructing Differences Examining what categories are constructed, how this is done, and why such categories of difference are constructed. Race & Ethnicity. 1. Racial Formations- Michael Omi and Howard Winant 2. Optional Ethnicities: For Whites Only?- Mary C.Waters 3. "They are Absolutely Obsessed with Us": Anti-Arab Bias in American Discourse and Policy- Hussein Ibish 4. How Jews Became White- Karen Brodkin Sacks Social Class 5. Race, Wealth, and Equality- Melvin L. Oliver and Thomas M. Shapiro 6. Media Magic: Making Class Invisible- Gregory Mantsios 7. The Growing Wealth Gap- Holly Sklar; Chuck Collins; and Betsy Leondar-Wright 8. Corporate Welfare- Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele Sex & Gender 9. The Social Construction of Gender- Judith Lorber 10. Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not Enough- Anne Fausto-Sterling 11. The Transgender Paradigm Shift toward Free Expression- Holly Boswell 12. Masculinity as Homophobia: Fear, Shame, and Silence in the Construction of Gender Identity- Michael S.Kimmel Sexuality 13. The Invention of Heterosexuality- Jonathan Ned Katz 14. Pills and Power Tools- Susan Bordo 15. Sexual Identity and Bisexual Identities: The Struggle for Self-Description in a Changing Sexual Landscape- Paula C Rust 16. Naming All the Parts- Kate Bornstein Part II: Maintaining Inequalities: Systems of Oppression & Privilege Examining what elements of social structure work to maintain systems of stratification based on constructions of difference. Social Institutions: Family 17. Our Mothers' Grief: Racial Ethnic Women and the Maintenance of Families- Bonnie Thornton Dill 18. Families on the Fault Line: America's Working Class Speaks About the Family, the Economy, Race, and Ethnicity- Lillian B. Rubin 19. Stability and Change in Chicano Men's Family Lives- Scott Coltrane 20. Sexual Dissent and the Family: The Sharon Kowalski Case- Nan D. Hunter 21. Savage Inequalities: Children in America's Schools- Jonathan Kozol 22. Preparing for Power: Cultural Capital and Curricula in America's Elite Boarding Schools- Peter W. Cookson, Jr and Caroline Hodges Persell 23. Civilize Them with a Stick- Mary Crow Dog and Richard Erdoes 24. Missing in Interaction- Myra Sadker and David Sadker Work & the Economy 25. Jobless Ghettos: The Social Implications of the Disappearance of Work in Segregated Neighborhoods- William J. Wilson 26. "We'd Love to Hire Them But...": The Meaning of Race for Employers- Joleen Kirschenman and Kathryn M. Neckerman. 27. The Glass Escalator: Hidden Advantages for Men in the 'Female' Professions- Christine L. Williams 28. Cause of Death: Inequality- Alejandro Reuss The State & Public Policy 29. It's a Family Affair: Women, Poverty, and Welfare- Randy Albelda and Chris Tilly 30. No Equal Justice: Race and Class in the American Criminal Justice System- David Cole 31. The Effects of Affirmative Action on Other Stakeholders- Barbara Reskin 32. The Possessive Investment in Whiteness: Racialized Social Democracy and the 'White' Problem in American Studies- George Lipsitz Media 33. Ralph, Fred, Archie and Homer: Why Television Keeps Recreating the White Male Working-Class Buffoon- Richard Butsch 34. Distorted Reality: Hispanic Characters in TV Entertainment- Robert S. Lichter and Daniel R. Amundson 35. Changing Gay and Lesbian Images in the Media- Peter Nardi 36. The 'F' Word: How the Media Frame Feminism- Debra Baker Beck Language 37. Racism in the English Language- Robert B. Moore 38. Self, Identity & the Naming Question: Reflections on the Language of Disability- Irving Kenneth Zola 39. How to Tame a Wild Tongue- Gloria Anzaldua 40. The Dark Side of Sports Symbols- Stanley D. Eitzen, and Maxine Baca Zinn Violence & Social Control 41. Where Race and Gender Meet: Racism, Hate Crimes, and Pornography- Helen Zia 42. Fraternities and Collegiate Rape Culture: Why are Some Fraternities More Dangerous Places for Women?- A. Ayres Boswell & Joan Z. Spade 43. The Construction of Masculinity and the Triad of Men's Violence- Michael Kaufman 44. Homophobia as a Weapon of Sexism- Suzanne Pharr Part III: Experiencing Difference & Inequality in Everyday Life Examining the impact of constructions of difference and maintaining inequalities on members of society. 45. White Privilege Shapes the U. S.- Robert Jensen 46. It's not Easy Being Arab-American: One Person's Experience- Sherri Muzher 47. A Dozen Demons- Ellis Cose 48. The Story of My Body- Judith Ortiz Cofer 49. "Gee, You Don't Seem Like An Indian From the Reservation"- Barbara Cameron 50. On Being Blackanese- Mitzi Uehara-Carter 51. Nickel and Dimed: On (not) Getting by in America- Barbara Ehrenreich 52. I am Your Welfare Reform- Annie Downey 53. Learning to Fight- Geoffrey Canada 54. Appearances- carmen Vazquez 55. Bisexuality, Feminism, Men, and Me- Robyn Ochs Part IV: Resistance & Social Change Examining how people working within individual and institutional contexts transform difference from a system of inequality to a system of liberation. 56. Toward a New Vision: Race, Class, and Gender as Categories of Analysis and Connection- Patricia Hill collins 57. Cultural Resistance: Reconstructing Our Own Images- Yen Le Espiritu 58. "No Evictions. We Won't Move!": The Struggle to Save the I-Hotel- Larry Solomon 59. Seeing More Than Black & White: Latinos, Racism, and the Cultural Divides- Elizabeth Martinez 60. Dismantling Noah's Ark: Gender and Equality- Judith Lorber 61. The New Student Movement- Liza Featherstoneshow more

About Tracy E. Ore

Tracy E. Ore is currently an Assistant professor of Sociology and the Director of the Applied Sociology Program at Saint Cloud State University. She received her Ph.D. in Sociology at the University of Michigan. She serves as a consultant for multicultural education and curriculum to a variety of universities, organizations, and agencies and conducts workshops and trainings across the country related to issues of inequality. Her research areas include social inequality, race and ethnicity, and the development of effective teaching more

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