Smoke, Dust and Haze

Smoke, Dust and Haze : Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics

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Ideal for courses in aerosol science or particle technology, Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics, 2/e, is the only modern text that focuses on aerosol dynamics-the study of the factors that determine changes in the distribution of aerosol properties with respect to particle size. It covers fundamental concepts, experimental methods, and a wide variety of applications. Using the aerosol dynamics approach, the author integrates a broad range of topics including stochastic processes, aerosol transport theory, coagulation, formation of agglomerates, classical nucleation theory, and the synthesis of ultrafine solid particles. The book makes extensive use of scaling concepts and dimensional analysis and emphasizes physical and physicochemical interpretations. Basic concepts are illustrated by applications to many fields including air pollution control, the atmospheric sciences, microcontamination in the semiconductor industry, and the industrial manufacture of powders, pigments, additives, and nanoparticles. Revised and expanded, this second edition features new chapters on the kinetics of agglomeration of noncoalescing particles and the fundamentals of aerosol reactor design. It covers the effects of turbulence on coagulation and gas-to-particle conversion and also discusses the formation of primary particles by the collision-coalescence mechanism. The chapter on the atmospheric aerosol has been completely rewritten within the aerosol dynamics framework. Its basic approach and topicality make Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics, 2/e, an essential guide for both students and more

Product details

  • Hardback | 432 pages
  • 190.5 x 236.2 x 25.4mm | 907.2g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • numerous black and white line illustrations
  • 0195129997
  • 9780195129991

Review quote

Praise for the previous edition: "The reader of this excellent senior- or first-year-graduate level text will recognize the catholic nature of the material treated. Sheldon probably America's pre-eminent investigator of aerosols, by virtue of his theoretical and experimental work conducted in a variety of areas since the 1950's...Smoke, Dust and Haze is the first published book on aerosols written primarily for classroom use. It was written explicitly for chemical- and environmental-engineering first-year-graduate students but it could serve excellently as a physics course to introduce students to the nature of applied science.-Physics Today The first recipient of the Jungle award was announced at this year's European Aerosol Conference. The winner of the award was Sheldon Friedlander who in 1977 published one of the first and most comprehensive books on aerosol science - Smoke, Dust and Haze. This book is widely recognised as an outstanding overview of the different disciplines involved in aerosol science and technology. This field has developed greatly since then and the secpond edition is considerably revised and expanded reflecting the changes and advances in aerosol science ... Overall I am sure this edition will surpass the hugh sucess of the first edition and have no doubt that it will be a book that is referred to frequently by areosol scientists The Areosol Society Newslettershow more

Table of contents

1. AEROSOL CHARACTERIZATION ; Parameters Determining Aerosol Behavior ; Particle Size ; Particle Concentration ; Size Distribution Function ; Moments of the Distribution Function ; Examples of Size Distribution Functions ; Chemical Composition ; Aerosol Dynamics: Relation to Characterization ; 2. PARTICLE TRANSPORT PROPERTIES ; Equation of Diffusion ; Coefficient of Diffusion ; Friction Coefficient ; Agglomerate Diffusion Coefficients ; Path Length of a Brownian Particle ; Migration in an External Force Field ; Electrical Migration ; Thermophoresis ; London-van der Waals Forces ; Boundary Condition for Particle Diffusion ; 3. CONVECTIVE DIFFUSION: EFFECTS OF FINITE PARTICLE DIAMETER AND EXTERNAL FORCE FIELDS ; Equation of Convective Diffusion ; Similitude Considerations for Aerosol Diffusion ; Concentration Boundary Layer ; Diffusion to Cylinders at Low Reynolds Numbers: Concentration Boundary Layer Equation ; Diffusion at Low Reynolds Numbers: Similitude Law for Particles of Finite Diameter ; Low Re Deposition: Comparison of Theory with Experiment ; Single Element Particle Capture by Diffusion and Interception at High Reynolds Numbers ; High Re Deposition: Application to Deposition on Rough Surfaces ; Diffusion from a Laminar Pipe Flow ; Diffusion from a Turbulent Pipe Flow ; Particle Deposition from Rising Bubbles ; Convective Diffusion in an External Force Field: Electrical Precipitation ; Thermophoresis: "Dust Free Space" ; 4. INERTIAL TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION ; Particle-Surface Interactions: Low Speeds ; Particle-Surface Interactions: Rebound ; Particle Acceleration at Low Reynolds Numbers: Stop Distance ; Similitude Law for Impaction: Stokesian Particles ; Impaction of Stokesian Particles on Cylinders and Spheres ; Impaction of Non-Stokesian Particles ; Deposition from a Rotating Flow: Cyclone Separator ; Particle Eddy Diffusion Coefficient ; Turbulent Deposition ; Aerodynamic Focusing: Aerosol Beams ; Transition from the Diffusion to Inertial Ranges ; 5. LIGHT SCATTERING ; Scattering by Single Particles: General Considerations ; Scattering by Particles Small Compared to the Wavelength ; Scattering by Large Particles: The Extinction Paradox ; Scattering in the Intermediate Size Range: Mie Theory ; Scattering by Aerosol Clouds ; Scattering over the Visible Wavelength Range: Aerosol Contributions by Volume ; Rayleigh Scattering: Self-Similar Size Distributions ; Mie Scattering: Power Law Distributions ; Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering ; Specific Intensity: Equation of Radiative Transfer ; Equation of Radiative Transfer: Formal Solution ; Light Transmission Through the Atmosphere: Visibility ; Inelastic Scattering: Raman Effect ; 6. EXPERIMENTAL METHODS ; Sampling ; Microscopy ; Mass Concentration: Filtration ; Total Number Concentration: Condensation Particle Counter ; Total Light Scattering and Extinction Coefficients ; Size Distribution Function ; Mass and Chemical Species Distribution: The Cascade Impactor ; Aerosol Chemical Analysis ; Summary Classification of Measurment Instruments ; Monodisperse Aerosol Generators ; 7. COLLISION AND COAGULATION: COALESCING PARTICLES ; Introduction ; Collision Frequency Function ; Brownian Coagulation ; Brownian Coagulation: Dynamics of Discrete Distribution for an Intially Monodisperse Aerosol ; Brownian Coagulation: Effect of Particle Force Fields ; Effect of van der Waals Forces ; Effect of Coulomb Forces ; Collision Frequency for Laminar Shear ; Simultaneous Laminar Shear and Brownian Motion ; Turbulent Coagulation ; Equation of Coagulation: Continuous Distribution Function ; Similarity Solution: Coagulation in the Continuum Regime ; Similarity Solution for Brownian Coagulation ; Similarity Solution: Coagulation in the Free Molecule Region ; Time to Reach the Self-Preserving Distribution (SPD) ; 8. DYNAMICS OF AGGLOMERATE FORMATION AND RESTRUCTURING ; Agglomerate Morphology: Scaling Laws ; Computer Simulation of Agglomerate Formation ; Langevin Simulations of Agglomeration ; Smoluchowski Equation: Collision Kernals for Power Law Aggregates ; Self-Preserving Agglomerate Size Distributions ; Effect of Primary Particle Size on Agglomerate Growth ; Effect of Df on Agglomearte Growth ; Agglomerate Restructuring ; 9. THERMODYNAMICS PROPERTIES ; The Vapor Pressure Curve and the Supersaturated State ; Effects of Solutes on Vapor Pressure ; Vapor Pressure of a Small Particle ; Hygroscopic Particle-Vapor Equilibrium ; Charged Particle-Vapor Equilibria ; Solid Particle-Vapor Equilibrium ; Effect of Particle Size on the Equilibrium of a Heterogeneous Chemical Reaction ; Molecular Clusters ; 10. GAS-TO-PARTICLE CONVERSION ; Condensation by Adiabatic Expansion: The Experiments of C.T.R. Wilson ; Kinetics of Homogeneous Nucleation ; Experimental Test of Nucleation Theory ; Heterogeneous Condensation ; Growth Laws ; Dynamics of Growth: Continuity Relation in v Space ; Measurement of Growth Rates: Homogeneous Gas-Phase Reactions ; Simultaneous Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Condensation ; Effects of Turbulence on Homogeneous Nucleation ; 11. THE GENERAL DYNAMIC EQUATION FOR THE PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION ; General Dynamic Equation for the Discrete Distribution Function ; Coagulation and Nucleation as Limiting Processes in Gas-to-Particle Conversion ; General Dynamic Equation for the Continuous Distribution Function ; The Dynamic Equation for the Number Concentration N ; The Dynamic Equation for the Volume Fraction ; Simultaneous Coagulation and Diffusional Growth: Similarity Solution for Continuum Regime ; Simultaneous Coagulation and Growth: Experimental Results ; The GDE for Turbulent Flow ; The GDE for Turbulent Stack Plumes ; Coagulation and Stirred Settling ; Coagulation and Deposition by Convective Diffusion ; Continuously Stirred Tank Reactor ; 12. SYNTHESIS OF SUBMICRON SOLID PARTICLES: AEROSOL REACTORS ; Aerosol Reactors: Commercial and Pilot Scale ; The Collision-Coalescence Mechanism of Primary Particle Formation ; Extension of the Smouluchowski Equation to Colliding, Coalescing Particles ; Rate Equation for Particle Coalescence ; Solid-State Diffusion Coefficient ; Estimation of Average Primary Particle Size: Method of Characteristic Times ; Primary Particle Size: Effects of Aerosol Material Properties ; Particle Neck Formation ; Particle Crystal Structure ; 13. ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL DYNAMICS ; Atmospheric Aerosol Size Distribution ; Aerosol Dynamics in Power Plant Plumes ; Chemical Composition of Urban Aerosols ; Distributions of Chemical Species with Particle Size ; Morphological Characteristics of the Submicron Aerosol ; Common Measures of Air Quality for Particulate Matter: Federal Standards ; Receptor Modeling: Source Apportionment ; Statistical Variations of Ambient Aerosol Chemical Components ; EACH CHAPTER ENDS WITH PROBLEMS AND REFERENCES ; Common Symbols ; Indexshow more