Skilled Immigration Today
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Skilled Immigration Today : Prospects, Problems, and Policies

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Skilled immigration into rich countries and competition for talent and professional skills are of major concern among nations today. Comprehensive immigration reform addressed to illegal immigration predictably foundered in Congress last year. This revived the question of skilled immigration and was hastily added to the proposed reform agenda in the hope that it would bring more pro-immigration troops into battle. Immigration reform still failed but it will not die. The specific issue of skilled immigration, and how to redesign it, will remain one of the central issues before the world community as well. How important is this phenomenon? How do the legal-immigration systems of rich countries address this need? How do professional associations that may find such inflows a threat to their members' earnings seek to curtail these flows? What are the implications on the sending countries, which are generally less developed, when rich countries admit skilled professionals from them? Is it correct to object that the rich countries are depriving the poor ones of badly needed professionals (especially in Africa)? What should our immigration policies be in this regard? How should tax policy, for example, be changed in light of the growing phenomenon of skilled migrant flows? These and a host of related policy questions are addressed uniquely in Skilled Immigration Today. Bhagwati and Hanson present an informed awareness of the rich historical analysis of the phenomenon and several policy initiatives already attempted with sophisticated theoretical analysis. The essays, with an overview that ties them together, are written by today's foremost immigration experts.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 416 pages
  • 160 x 238 x 32mm | 698.53g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 53 line illustrations
  • 0195382439
  • 9780195382433
  • 1,990,484

About Jagdish N. Bhagwati

Jagdish Bhagwati University Professor, Economics and Law, at Columbia University and Senior Fellow in International Economics at the Council on Foreign Relations. He has been uniquely celebrated with six festschrifts in his honor. His latest book, In Defense of Globalization (Oxford, 2004), a huge success worldwide, has just been reissued with an Afterword. He has received several honorary degrees and awards, among them the Freedom Prize (Switzerland), the Bernhard Harms Prize (Germany) and recently the Thomas Schelling Award (Kennedy School, Harvard). Gordon H. Hanson is the Director of the Center on Pacific Economies and Professor of Economics at UCSD, where he holds faculty positions in the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies and the Department of Economics. Professor Hanson is co-editor of the Journal of Development Economics, a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and a senior research fellow at the Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development.show more

Table of contents

Preface ; Jagdish Bhagwati and Gordon Hanson ; Overview of Issues ; Jagdish Bhagwati ; Underlying Trends and Policy Changes in Receiving Countries ; Labor Markets and Demographics ; Supply of and Demand for Skilled Labor in the United States ; Lynn A. Karoly and Constantin W.A. Panis ; Skilled Labor Mobility in Post-War Europe ; L. Alan Winters ; Public Finance in an Era of Global Demographic Change: Fertility Busts, Migration Booms, and Public Policy ; David E. Wildasin ; Changing Policies and Selection Criteria ; Immigration and American Competitiveness: US Immigration Policy in the 21st Century ; Susan Martin, B. Lindsay Lowell, and Micah Bump ; Selection Criteria and the Skill Composition of Immigrants: A Comparative Analysis of Australian and US Employment Immigration ; Guillermina Jasso and Mark Rosenzweig ; The Role of Professional Societies in Regulating Entry of Skilled Migrants: The American Medical Association ; Sherry Glied and Debojyoti Sarkar ; Individual Preference over High-Skilled Immigration in the United States ; Gordon H. Hanson, Kenneth Scheve, and Matthew J. Slaughter ; Effects on Source Countries ; Overview ; Skilled Migration: The Perspective of Developing Countries ; Frederick Docquier and Hillel Rapoport ; Income Taxation and Skilled Migration: The Analytical Issues ; John Douglas Wilson ; African Template: The Return of the Brain Drain ; African Perspectives on the "Brain Drain" ; Yaw Nyarko and William Easterly ; Indian Template: Taxation ; Taxation and Skilled Migration to the United States: Revisiting the Bhagwati Tax ; John McHaleshow more