Sketches of Church History in Germany

Sketches of Church History in Germany

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1880 edition. Excerpt: ...Nuremberg, Ulm, &c. The Catholic League comprised Austria and Bavaria, with the archbishoprics of Mayence, Treves, and Cologne, &c. Prolonged and complicated as the war was, it falls naturally into four periods of unequal length, each of which has a distinct and special character. The first period, of about ten years, was marked by a gradual advance of the Catholics, ending in an almost complete overthrow of their enemies. Frederick paid dearly for his ambition to wear the crown of Bohemia. He was soon compelled to return to his hereditary dominions in the Palatinate, and even there he was not safe. His castle of Heidelberg, one of the most splendid palaces in Europe, was sacked, and its choice library sent to Rome. The Protestants of Bohemia underwent the full rigour of the oppressive rule which they had taken up arms to escape. Their worship was prohibited, and their preachers were driven out of the country. For a few years the gallant Ernest of Mansfeld carried on the war in the Rhineland, and held his own against the Bavarian Count Tilly, an old soldier who had served in his youth under Alva, and had learned the Spanish tactics and discipline, together with Spanish cruelty. But in 162a Tilly scattered the army of the Margrave of Baden, who was trying to effect a junction with Mansfeld. In the following year Christian of Brunswick was defeated by the same redoubtable commander; and Christian King of Denmark, who took up arms on the Protestant side, underwent a similar reverse in 1626. These brilliant successes of the Bavarian army made Austria desirous to share in the fruits of victory: and by a private agreement with the Emperor another army of 50,000 men was raised at the charge of Wallenstein, a Bohemian nobleman, whose...show more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 73g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236785819
  • 9781236785817