Skeletal Biology of the Ancient Rapanui (Easter Islanders)
Disseminating what is currently known about the skeletal biology of the ancient Rapanui and placing it within the wider context of Polynesian skeletal variation, this volume is the culmination of over thirty years of research into the remotely inhabited Easter Island. Compiling osteological data deriving from Rapanui skeletal remains into one succinct analysis, this book demonstrates how the application of modern skeletal biology research techniques can effectively be employed to address questions of human population origins and microevolution. Craniometrics and DNA analysis are used to provide indications as to Rapanui ancestral lineage. Evidence is presented in a user-friendly manner to allow researchers and graduates to critically analyse the current knowledge of prehistoric Rapanui skeletal variation. An important resource providing valuable evidence from human biology that modifies earlier archaeological and cultural anthropological views, this book will stimulate further research into the Rapanui.
- Electronic book text
- 05 Dec 2015
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 74 b/w illus. 2 colour illus. 53 tables
Table of contents
List of contributors; Acknowledgements; 1. Introduction: research overview George W. Gill; 2. Review of Polynesian and Pacific skeletal biology Michael Pietrusewsky and Michele Toomay Douglas; 3. Chronology and Easter Island prehistory Carl P. Lipo and Terry L. Hunt; 4. A descriptive skeletal biology analysis of the ancient Easter Island population George W. Gill and Vincent H. Stefan; 5. Craniometric variation of the prehistoric Polynesians and Rapanui Vincent H. Stefan; 6. Rapanui nonmetric cranial traits Patrick M. Chapman; 7. Intra-island discrete cranial trait variation Thomas Furgeson and George W. Gill; 8. Continuous nonmetric characteristics of the early Rapanui George W. Gill; 9. Rapanui dental morphology Vincent H. Stefan and Randy Rozen; 10. Pelvic variability and sexual dimorphism in prehistoric Rapanui Amber Harrison and Nathan K. Harper; 11. Genetic affinities of the Rapanui Erika Hagelberg; 12. Archaeogenetics and paleodemographic estimation of founding populations: features of residential geography on Rapanui John V. Dudgeon, Amy S. Commendador and Monica Tromp; 13. Evidence for injuries and violent death Douglas W. Owsley, Kathryn G. Barca, Vicki E. Simon and George W. Gill; 14. Demographic analysis of modified crania from Rapanui Douglas W. Owsley, Vicki E. Simon, Kathryn G. Barca, Jo Anne Van Tilburg and Deidre Whitmore; 15. East Polynesian and Paleoindian parallels and contrasts in skeletal morphology George W. Gill; 16. Rapanui origins, relationships and warfare: a summary in theoretical context George W. Gill and Vincent H. Stefan; References; Index.