Shear Waves in Marine Sediments
Shear waves and closely related interface waves (Rayleigh, Stoneley and Scholte) play an important role in many areas of engineering, geophysics and underwater acoustics. In some cases interest is focused on large-amplitude waves of low frequency such as those associ- ated with earthquakes and nuclear explosions; in other cases low amplitude waves, which have often travelled great distances through the sediment, are of interest. Both low and high frequency shear and interface waves are often used for seafloor probing and sediment characterization. As a result of the wide spectrum of different interests, different disciplines have developed lines of research and a literature particularly suited to their own problems. For example water-column acousticians view the seafloor sediment as the lower boundary of their domain and are interested in shear and interface waves in the near bottom sediments mainly from the standpoint of how they influence absorption and reflection at this boundary. On the other hand, geophysicists seeking deep oil deposits are interested in the maximum penetration into the sediments and the tell-tale characteristics of the seismic waves that have encountered potential oil or gas bearing strata. In another area, geotechnical engineers use shear and interface waves to study soil properties necessary for the design and the siting of seafloor structures.
- Hardback | 593 pages
- 155 x 235 x 33.27mm | 1,240g
- 01 Sep 1991
- Dordrecht, Netherlands
- 1991 ed.
- XV, 593 p.
Table of contents
Section 1 Physical properties and laboratory measurements.- Shear waves in marine sediments-bridging the gap from theory to field applications (Opening paper).- Surface waves in poro-viscoelastic marine sediments.- An investigation of causality for Biot models by using Kramers-Kroenig relations.- Soil properties for shear wave propagation (Invited).- The relevance of shear waves for structural subsurface investigations.- Experimental investigation of seismic surface waves in the seafloor.- Laboratory studies on pulsed leaky Rayleigh wave components in a water layer over a solid bottom.- Assessment of shear strength of the sea bottom from shear wave velocity measurements on box cores and in-situ.- Numerical modelling and laboratory experiments on underwater sound propagation over a shear supporting bottom.- A review of laboratory shear wave techniques and attenuation measurements with particular reference to the resonant column (Invited).- Relationship between acoustic and mechanical properties of two marine clays.- A laboratory method to investigate shear waves in a soft soil consolidating under self weight.- Laboratory measurements of acoustic properties of periplatform carbonate sediments.- Comparison of measured compressional and shear wave velocity values with predictions from Biot theory.- Wave velocities in sediments.- Shear wave attenuation in unconsolidated laboratory sediments.- Shear wave velocities of glacio-marine sediments: Barents Sea.- Rock acoustics: relevance of the porous viscoelastic model.- Influence of stress state and stress history on acoustic wave propagation in sedimentary rocks.- Section 2 Field experiments and interpretation.- A summary of DREA observations of interface waves at the seabed.- Observations of the relative contributions of waterborne and sediment paths to the received acoustic signal.- Shear-wave anisotropy in marine sediments around Britain from surface sources.- Refraction measurement of shear wave anisotropy in shallow marine sediments and implications for reflection processing.- Spatial variability in ground motion: effects of material heterogeneity in seafloor sediments.- Implications of deep-water seismometer array measurements for Scholte wave propagation.- Shear wave velocity structure from interface waves at two deep water sites in the Pacific ocean.- The effects of shear velocity structure on seafloor noise.- Concurrent observations of directional spectra of ocean surface waves and microseisms from an ocean subbottom seismometer (OSS) array.- Wave propagation in a borehole (Invited).- Application of shear wave measurements in boreholes.- Experience with the seismic cone penetrometer in offshore site Investigations.- Comparison of techniques for shear wave velocity and attenuation measurements.- Shear wave velocity gradients in near-surface marine sediment.- ISSAMS: an in situ sediment acoustic measurement system.- Small-scale in situ measurements of S-H velocity in surficial sedimentary deposits: localised textural and biological controls.- In situ measurements of shear-wave velocity in ocean sediments.- Seafloor shear wave velocity data acquisition: procedures and pitfalls.- Mapping of the sea bed via in situ shear wave (SH) velocities.- Observations of split shear-waves from young ocean crust.- Estimation of shear-wave speed in ocean-bottom sediments by comparing oblique-angle reflectivity measurements with normal incidence data.- SedimentQpfrom spectral ratios of converted shear reflections.- Constraints on shear velocities in deep-ocean sediments as determined from deep-tow multichannel seismic data.- Changes inPandSvelocities caused by subduction related sediment accretion off Washington/Oregon.- Compressional and shear wave velocities in the upper crust.- Sedimentary shear modulus and shear speed profiles from a gravity wave inversion.- Measurements of compressional wave and shear wave speeds, attenuation, permeability, and porosity in marine sediments.- Sea-bed shear moduli from measurements of tidally induced pore pressures.- Section 3 Modelling and inversion techniques.- Excess attenuation in low-frequency shallow-water acoustics: a shear wave effect? (Invited).- Sensitivity of bottom loss to attenuation and shear conversion.- The effect of shear wave attenuation on acoustic bottom loss resonance in marine sediments.- The influence of sediment rigidity on the plane-wave reflection coefficient.- Shear wave conversion due to subbottom facets.- A seismo-acoustic finite element model for underwater acoustic propagation.- Finite difference modelling of shear waves.- A stable higher-order elastic parabolic equation with application to Scholte wave propagation.- ELASTIC PE: a parabolic approximation for propagation modelling of shear wave effects in sediment layers.- Computation of shear waves by integral equations methods in stratified media.- Normal modes identification in shallow water using spectral analysis: theory and experiments.- Estimation of geoacoustic properties by inversion of acoustic field data (Invited).- A fast simulated annealing algorithm for the inversion of marine sediment seismo-acoustic parameters.- Determination of the sediment shear speed profiles from phase and group velocity dispersion data of SH wave.- Measurement of the elastic properties of the ocean bottom by inversion of reflection amplitude data.- Surface wave inversion for shear wave velocity (Invited).- Determination of shear velocity profiles by inversion of interface wave data.- Using synthetic seismograms to determine shear wave velocities in sediments from ocean bottom seismometer refraction observations.- Analytical investigation of seismic surface waves in the seafloor.- List of Participants.- Author Index.
` Shear Waves in Marine Sediments is a significant reference that belongs in the libraries of engineering and research organizations that deal with related topics. '
Bulletin of American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Bulletin of American Association of Petroleum Geologists