Sessional Papers of the Dominion of Canada Volume 23, No. 15

Sessional Papers of the Dominion of Canada Volume 23, No. 15

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1890 edition. Excerpt: ... introduce this material into use in some ways. Clays and sands suitable for brick-making, &c., occur in many parte of the district. Near Sussex, and at St. John and Fairville, there are large brickmaking establishments. On the 21st of October Mr. Swinyard left for Ottawa. Afterwards I visited the ship railway now under construction across the Isthmus of Chignecto. In an excavation which is being made for docks in the salt marsh at its western end, the following series of deposits is disclosed: -(1) Marsh mud, 5 to 10 feet; (2) nne grained, stratified blue clay, holding numerous shells of Mya arenaria and fusca--thickness, from a few inches at one end to five to eight feet at the other; (3) peat or humus, sixto nfteen inches thick, containing roots and stumps of small trees, chiefly hacmatae, and in some laces portions of the stems. This peat or forest bed evidently grew on a sloping ank at the border of a lagoon or quietinlet. The owestl part of it is now twenty feet or upwards below the level of high tides in the Bay of Fundy. At Aulac station, Intercolonial Railway, which is on the great Tantramar salt marsh, a boring 305 feet dee, was put down under the direction ofP. S. Archibald, chief engineer, Intercolonial ilway. This boring shows likewise (1) marsh mud, eighty feet; (2) " turf and bog; " (3) red clay, &c. These facts clearly establish the conclusion that a subsidence has taken place here since the growth ofthe peat beds, and confirms the observations made previously by Sir J. W. Dawson, (Acadian Geology, 3rd ed., p. 13). Later on a cursory examination of the surface geology of the northern and western ports of Nova Scotia was made. In Pictou more

Product details

  • Paperback | 228 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 12mm | 413g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236756436
  • 9781236756435