The Self-predication Assumption in Plato

The Self-predication Assumption in Plato

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Plato believes in the existence of Forms-eternal models or exemplars of which objects in our world in time and space are copies, and his Theory of Forms lies at the center of his philosophy. But according to the common wisdom, Plato raised the Third Man objection against his own Theory of Forms in the Parmenides. According to this objection, each Form is supposed to have the very characteristic it is supposed to be (called by the scholars "The Self-Predication Assumption"), and this leads to an infinite regress of each Form (the Third Man Argument). This book defends the view that a mysterious plural phrase at Phaedo 74 shows that the Self-Predication Assumption is both plausible and leads to no infinite regress of Forms. The Self-Predication Assumption in Plato is an essential resource for scholars, specialists, and students with an interest in ancient philosophy and more

Product details

  • Hardback | 290 pages
  • 160.02 x 228.6 x 27.94mm | 566.99g
  • Lexington Books
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • 0739144847
  • 9780739144848

Review quote

Apolloni's work on one of the most important issues in Plato's philosophy is admirably clear and insightful, despite the density and tedium of much recent scholarship on the topic. Apolloni cuts through the fog to make sense of complex and problematic material with a fresh interpretation of his own. This is a solid contribution to Plato scholarship. -- Duane L. Cady, Hamline University Apolloni's dense and well-documented study of this question in the contemporary secondary literature aims to shows that Plato has a way to avoid embracing self-predication such that it does not threaten the coherence of a theory of separate Forms. Along the way, he offers extensive treatment of the contemporary literature regarding self- predication and related matters. A graduate student wishing for an efficient means of getting up to speed on the main lines of the more than half a century of interpretation generated by Gregory Vlastos's famous 1954 article would be well served by this book. Bryn Mawr Classical Reviewshow more

About David Apolloni

David Apolloni is associate professor of philosophy at Augsburg more

Table of contents

Introduction Part I. The Self-Predication Assumption in the Phaedo and in Alexander's Peri Ideon Chapter 1: The Argument from Equal Sticks and Stones in the Phaedo Chapter 2: The Argument from Relative Terms Chapter 3: Eponymy and Being in the Phaedo and the Sophist Part II. The Parmenides Chapter 4: Young Socrates' Challenge to Parmenides Chapter 5: The First "Third Man" Chapter 6: What is Participation? Chapter 7: Parmenides' Exercise and the Sophistshow more