List of contributors. Introduction: the self from all directions; A. Oosterwegel, R.A. Wicklund. Identity and identity processes: what are we talking about? H.A. Bosma. Identity status development and students' perception of the university environment: a cohort-sequential theory; L. Goossens. Adolescent identity development and social context: towards an integrated perspective; S. Jackson. The problem of self-continuity in the context of rapid personal and cultural change; M.J. Chandler, C.E. Lalonde. Self-narratives as personal structures of meaning; J. Jansz. Narrative self, understanding, and action; J. Trzebinski. The development of the ability to represent oneself; B.G. Torres. Private goals and social influences: the complexity of studying self-system development; A. Oosterwegel. The self as `virtual machine': structure vs content; L. Oppenheimer. Self-concept and information-processing: methodological problems and theoretical implication; W. Mittag. On integrating cognitive and motivational explanations in psychology; W.M. Bernstein. Low mutuality of self- and other-descriptions as a risk factor for adolescents' competence and self esteem; M.A.G. van Aken, et al. Paranoia and self-focused attention; A. Fenigstein. The role of optimism versus pessimism in the experience of the self; C.S. Carver, M.F. Scheier. Self-Concept and motivation during adolescence: their influence on school achievement; A.M. Fontaine. Dimensions of math and verbal self-concept and the internal/external frame of reference model; E.M. Skaalvik, R.J. Rankin. The distinction between self- and other-related failure outcome expectancies: an internal domain study of Indian and Norwegian students; K.A. Hagtvet, S. Sharma. Cognitive distinctness of self we others schemata and the tendency to social categorization; A. Kwiatkowska. Three dimensions of the social self; S. Reicher. Facets of self in Northern Ireland: explorations and further questions; D.E. Benson, K.J. Trew. Isolating the collective self; R. Spears. What evidence does one accept for the workings of a self? R.A. Wicklund. Possum, ergo sum nequeo, ergo sum qui sum; A. Flammer. The self and taking an intentional stance; B. Poerzgen. The liberating and constraining aspects of self: why the freed bird finds a new cage; T. Pyszczynski, et al. Discussion: a multifaceted multilevel attack on the self; R.A. Wicklund, A. Oosterwegel. Subject index. Author index.