The Scientific Papers of Sir Charles Wheatstone

The Scientific Papers of Sir Charles Wheatstone

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Description

Sir Charles Wheatstone (1802-75) was a shoemaker's son whose fascination with physics led him to become one of the most celebrated scientists and inventors of his time. Apprenticed to his uncle, a musical instrument manufacturer, Wheatstone studied the physics of sound, publishing his first scientific paper in 1823. He was the chief developer of telegraphy, inventing increasingly advanced instruments for transmitting and receiving information. Telegraphy revolutionized communication in the Victorian era, eventually making almost instantaneous global communication possible. This collection of Wheatstone's works, first published in 1879, spans his entire career and includes fully illustrated details of many of his pioneering inventions. His broad-ranging research led to numerous important advances; those in telegraphy and cryptography were still in military use as late as the Second World War. This collection is a valuable source for the history of science, and a fitting tribute to Wheatstone's 'industry and versatility'.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 35 b/w illus.
  • 1139057952
  • 9781139057950

Table of contents

Preface; 1. New experiments on sound; 2. Explanation of the harmonic diagram; 3. Description of the kaleidophone, or phonic kaleidoscope; 4. Experiments on audition; 5. On the resonances, or reciprocated vibrations of columns of air; 6. On the transmission of musical sounds through solid linear conductors, and on their subsequent reciprocation; 7. On the figures obtained by strewing sand on vibrating surfaces, commonly called acoustic figures; 8. An account of some experiments to measure the velocity of electricity and the duration of electric light; 9. An account of several new instruments and processes for determining the constants of a voltaic circuit; 10. On the thermo-electric spark; 11. Description of the electro-magnetic clock; 12. Enregistreur electromagnetique pour les observations metorologiques; 13. Note sur le chronoscope electromagnetique; 14. An account of some experiments made with the submarine cable of the mediterranean electric telegraph; 15. On the position of aluminum in the voltaic series; 16. Telegraphe automatique ecrivant; 17. On the circumstances which influence the inductive discharges of submarine telegraphic cables; 18. Description of the telegraph thermometer; 19. On a new telegraphic thermometer, and on the application of the principle of its construction to other meteorological indicators; 20. On the augmentation of the power of a magnet by the reaction thereon of currents induced by the magnet itself; 21. On a cause of error in electroscopic experiments; 22. Experimental verification of Bernouilli's theory of wind instruments; 23. Remarks on Purkinje's experiments; 24. On the prismatic decomposition of electrical light; 25. Contributions to the physiology of vision. On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, phenomena of binocular vision; 26. On a singular effect of the juxtaposition of certain colours under particular circumstances; 27. On a means of determining the apparent solar time by the diurnal changes of the plane of polarization at the North Pole of the sky; 28. Experiments on the successive polarization of light, with the description of a new polarizing apparatus; 29. Note relating to M. Foucault's new mechanical proof of the rotation of the earth; 30. On Fessel's gyroscope; 31. On the formation of powers from arithmetical progressions; 32. Interpretation of an important historical document in cipher; 33. Instructions for the employment of Wheatstone's cryptograph; 34. Reed organ-pipes, speaking machines, etc.; 35. On the vibrations of columns of air in cylindrical and conical tubes.show more

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