Scientific Papers and Presentations

Scientific Papers and Presentations : Navigating Scientific Communication in Today's World

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Electronic publishing and electronic means of text and data presentation have changed enormously since the first edition was first published in 1997. This second edition applies traditional principles to today's, modern techniques. In addition to substantial changes on the poster presentations and visual aids chapters, the chapter on proposal writing discusses in more detail grant writing proposals. A new chapter has also been dedicated to international students studying in the United States.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 384 pages
  • 149.9 x 226.1 x 22.9mm | 589.68g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd edition
  • w. figs.
  • 0120884240
  • 9780120884247
  • 798,371

Table of contents

Preface to the Revised Edition

Preface to the First Edition

1 The Semantic Environment of Science


2 Before You Begin

Kinds of Scientific Communication

Sources of Help

Pencils, Mice, and Cyberspace


3 Organizing and Writing a Rough Draft

Thinking and Writing

Prewriting Exercises

Organization and Development

Coordinating Organization and Development

Organizing and Your Point of Emphasis


Writing the Rough Draft


4 Searching and Reviewing Scientific Literature

Planning the Literature Search

Finding the Literature

Selecting and Evaluating the Literature

The Literature Review


5 The Proposal

The Graduate Proposal

The Grant Proposal

Content and Form

Other Considerations

Progress Reports


6 The Graduate Thesis

The Thesis and Your Graduate Program

Avoiding Problems

Planning the Thesis

Acceptable Forms for Theses

The Thesis Defense


7 Publishing in Scientific Journals

Planning and Writing the Paper

After the Paper Is Written

The Editing and Reviewing Process


8 Style and Accuracy in the Final Draft


Styles in Headings

Accuracy and Style in Documentation



9 Reviewing and Revising

Reviewing and Revising Your Own Paper

Making Use of Reviewer's Suggestions

Reviewing the Work of Others


10 Titles and Abstracts




11 Presenting Data




12 Ethical and Legal Issues

Ethics in Scientific Communication

Professional Respect for Others

The Legal Issues: Copyrights and Patents


13 Scientific Presentations

Departmental Seminars

The Professional Meeting

Speaking at the Job Interview

The Question and Answer Session

Role of the Moderator

Fit the Occasion


14 Communication without Words


Type Styles


Physical Communication



15 Visual Aids to Communication

Slide Composition

Slide Production


16 The Oral Presentation

Conditioning Yourself


The Visual Aids

Coordinating the Visual Aids and the Speech

Transitions in a Slide Presentation

The Peer Review

Check List for Scientific Slide Presentation


17 Poster Presentations



Type Size and Style

Color and Physical Qualities

Spacing and Arrangement

Presentation of Data

The Presenter


Making It Fit

Time and Construction


18 Group Communications

Group Communication with No Audience

Group Communication with an Audience


19 Communicating with Other Audiences





Science Writing and Presentation


20 To the International Student

Becoming Adjusted to U.S. Cultures

General Cultural Differences

Scientific Writing in American English

Oral Presentations

Casual Conversation

Body Language


Appendix 1 Weaknesses in Scientific Writing

Appendix 2 The First Draft

Appendix 3 Sample Manuscript

Appendix 4 Sample Literature Review

Appendix 5 Sample Proposal

Appendix 6 Alternate Routes to the Thesis

Appendix 7 Sample Review of Manuscript Submitted for Publication

Appendix 8 Evolution of a Title

Appendix 9 Evolution of an Abstract

Appendix 1 0 Putting Data into Tables and Figures

Appendix 1 1 Sample Letter Requesting Copyright Permission

Appendix 1 2 Use of Color in Visual Aids

Appendix 1 3 Sample Slides and Slide Set

Appendix 1 4 Oral Presentations at Meetings

Appendix 1 5 Sample Text for Poster

Annotated Bibliography of Select References

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About Martha Davis

After teaching English composition and world literature, Martha Davis crossed the line between the humanities and the sciences. Always an aficionado of biology and gardening, her interests led her to the biological and agricultural sciences where she has worked for some 15 years mostly with graduate students relative to their communication skills in science. This handbook is the result of seeking answers to their questions and of recognizing that most other communication handbooks are limited to specific areas of writing or speaking. Scientific Papers and Presentations is her attempt to put under one cover the basic guidelines for the communication endeavors of the graduate student as well as the professional scientist.
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