Foreword; N.M. Kikheyev. Preface; M.H. Glantz, I.S. Zonn. I: Introduction to the Caspian Sea Environment. The Regionalization of Climate-Related Environmental Problems; M.H. Glantz. Closed Areas and the Case of the Caspian Sea Basin; G.N. Golubev. Overview: History and Causes of Caspian Sea Level Change; G.S. Golitsyn. Assessment of the State of the Caspian Sea; I.S. Zonn. Environmental Problems of the Caspian Sea Region and the Conflict of National Priorities; T.A. Saiko. Toward Regional Cooperation in the Caspian: A Legal Perspective; S.V. Vinogradov. II: Sea Level Rise: Impacts and Implications. Iranian Research on Caspian Sea Level Rise; J. Shayegan, A. Badakhshan. Ecological Problems of the Caspian Sea and Perspectives on Possible Solutions; A.Sh. Mekhtiev, A.K. Gul. Ecological, Social and Economic Problems of the Turkmen Caspian Zone; A.G. Babaev. The Problem of the Caspian Sea Level Forecast and Its Control for the Purpose of Management Optimization; G.V. Voropayev. Problems of Ecological Safety of the Astrakhan Region due to the Rise of the Caspian Sea; Y.S. Chuikov. Biological Aspects of Caspian Sea Level Rise; Z.G. Zalibekov. III: Desertification. Europe's First Desert; T.A. Saiko, I.S. Zonn. Studies of Aerosols from Kalmykia's Black Lands and their Influence on Environment; I.G. Granberg, et al. IV: Coping with Environmental Change. Socio-Ecological Characterization: A Framework for Ecosystem Management Information; J.J. Kineman, B.O. Parks. An overview of Global Environmental Change Research; J.M.F. Morais. Development of the Caspian-Aral Seas Program: An ICWC Perspective; V.A. Dukhovny, V.I. Sokolov. Iranian Perspective on Environmental Problems in the Caspian Sea Region; A. Badakhshan, J. Shayegan. V: Examples and Lessons from Other Regions. An overview of the Environmental Issues in the Black Sea Region; M. OEztoerk, et al. Environmental Problems of the Baltic Sea Region; S. Preis. Identifying Sources of Radioactive and heavy Metal Contamination in the Caspian Sea: Future Research Opportunities; P. Szerbin. VI: Regional and International organizations. The Rising Waters of the Caspian Sea and Possibilities for International Cooperation; I. Turan. Strategic Planning for the Scientific and Technical Cooperation among hte Littoral States of the Caspian Sea; A. Jahani. Perspectives for Regional Cooperation on Major Environmental Issues in the Caspian Sea Basin; G. Schneider. Do International Organizations have a Role in Addressing Caspian Environmental Issues? M. Nakayama. Appendix. Index.