Scientific American Supplement, No. 358, November 11, 1882

Scientific American Supplement, No. 358, November 11, 1882

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Excerpt: ...In its simplicity. It dispenses with complex machinery, experienced engineers, reservoirs, and steam. Carbonic acid gas is both the working and extinguishing agent. 2d. In promptness. It is always ready. No steam to be raised, no fire to be kindled, no hose to be laid, and no large company to be mustered. The chemicals are kept in place, and the gas generated the instant wanted. In half the cases the time thus saved is a building saved. Five minutes at the right time are worth five hours a little later. 3d. In efficiency. Mere water inadequately applied feeds the fire, but carbonic acid gas never. Bulk for bulk, it is forty times as effective as water, the seventy gallons of the two smallest cylinders being equal to twenty-eight hundred gallons of water. Besides, it uses the only agent that will extinguish burning tar, oil, and other combustible fluids and vapors. One cylinder can be recharged while the other is working, thus keeping up a continuous stream. 4th. In convenience. Five or six men can draw it and manage it. Its small dimensions require but small area, either for work or storage. One hundred feet or more of its light, pliant hose can be carried on a man's arm up any number of stairs inside a building, or, if fire forbids, up a ladder outside. 5th. In saving from destruction by water what the fire has spared. It smothers, but does not deluge; the modicum of water used to give momentum to the gas is soon evaporated by the heat, doing little or no damage to what is below. This feature of the engine is of incalculable worth to housekeepers, merchants, and insurance companies. 6th. Economy. It costs only about half as much as a first class hand engine, and about one-fourth as much as a steam engine, with their necessary appendages, and the chemicals for each charge cost less than two dollars. HOW TO TOW A BOAT. A correspondent of Engineering News says: Those living on swift streams, and using small boats, often have occasion to tow more

Product details

  • Paperback | 40 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 91g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236715322
  • 9781236715326