Editorial Preface. Introduction. I: Medical Facts and Scientific Progress: The Scientific Status of Medical Knowledge. On the Scientific Status of Medical Research: Case Study and Interpretation According to Ludwik Fleck. The Scientific Status of Medical Research: A Reply to Schafer. Ludwik Fleck and the Philosophy of Medicine: A Commentary on Schafer and Tsouyopoulos. II: Causality and Explanation in Medicine: The Regard for Practice in Medical Knowledge. On the History of Medical Causality. Causality and Conditionality in medicine Around 1900. On Medicine's Scientificity - Did Medicine's Accession to Scientific `Positivity' in the Course of the Nineteenth Century Require Giving Up Causal (Etiological) Explanation? Causal Thinking and the Conceptual System of Medical Knowledge. The Dilemma of Medical Causality and the Issue of Biological Individuality. III: Art and Intuition in Medical Decisions: The Regard for Knowledge in Medical Practice. The Concept of the Art of Medicine. Intuition and Technology as the Bases of Medical Decision-Making. Intuition and the Process of Diagnosis: The Quest for Explicit Knowledge in the Technological Era. Intuition and Diagnosis: Commentary on Gross and Spicker. Technoscience and Medicine. IV: Obligations to Patients: The Purpose of Medical Practice and Its Consequences for Knowledge. Knowledge and Art in the Practice of Medicine: Clinical Judgment and Historical Reconstruction. Medicine: Explanation, Manipulation, and Creativity. Medicine - Beyond the Boundaries of Science, Technologies, and Arts. Medicine's Precarious Place Between Science, Technology, and the Arts: An Attempt at Rational Reconstruction. Index.