Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal

Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal

3.94 (47 ratings by Goodreads)
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Description

The role of science in policymaking has gained unprecedented stature in the United States, raising questions about the place of science and scientific expertise in the democratic process. Some scientists have been given considerable epistemic authority in shaping policy on issues of great moral and cultural significance, and the politicizing of these issues has become highly contentious.


Since World War II, most philosophers of science have purported the concept that science should be \u201cvalue-free.\u201d In Science, Policy and the Value-Free Ideal, Heather E. Douglas argues that such an ideal is neither adequate nor desirable for science. She contends that the moral responsibilities of scientists require the consideration of values even at the heart of science. She lobbies for a new ideal in which values serve an essential function throughout scientific inquiry, but where the role values play is constrained at key points, thus protecting the integrity and objectivity of science. In this vein, Douglas outlines a system for the application of values to guide scientists through points of uncertainty fraught with moral valence.


Following a philosophical analysis of the historical background of science advising and the value-free ideal, Douglas defines how values should-and should not-function in science. She discusses the distinctive direct and indirect roles for values in reasoning, and outlines seven senses of objectivity, showing how each can be employed to determine the reliability of scientific claims. Douglas then uses these philosophical insights to clarify the distinction between junk science and sound science to be used in policymaking. In conclusion, she calls for greater openness on the values utilized in policymaking, and more public participation in the policymaking process, by suggesting various models for effective use of both the public and experts in key risk assessments.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 256 pages
  • 150 x 230 x 10.16mm | 340.19g
  • Pittsburgh PA, United States
  • English
  • 0822960265
  • 9780822960263
  • 418,413

Review quote

"A thought-provoking book for all readers interested in science studies, including philosophy, history, and sociology of science. It is also highly recommended for those who study or work in the decision oriented sciences, an activity that is becoming increasingly relevant in science and politics in contemporary societies."
--Science and Education
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About Heather E. Douglas

Heather E. Douglas is associate professor of philosophy at Michigan State University. Her research focuses on the relationship between science and democracy, including the role of social and ethical values in science, the nature of scientists' responsibil
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Rating details

47 ratings
3.94 out of 5 stars
5 34% (16)
4 32% (15)
3 28% (13)
2 6% (3)
1 0% (0)
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