Science in the New Russia
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Science in the New Russia : Crisis, Aid, Reform

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Description

The Russian science establishment was one of the largest in the world, boasting many Nobel prizes, a world-leading space program, and famous schools in mathematics, physics, and other fields. However, when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the major financial supports for the scientific community were eliminated, with resulting "brain drain." The subsequent expansion of capitalism and globalization revealed that Russian science was ill adapted to compete with other countries in high technology. Science in the New Russia tells the dramatic story of the near collapse of Russian science in the mid-1990s and of subsequent domestic and international efforts to reform and reenergize scientific activity in Russia.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 216 pages
  • 157.48 x 233.68 x 15.24mm | 362.87g
  • Indiana University Press
  • Bloomington, IN, United States
  • English
  • 0253219884
  • 9780253219886
  • 1,365,869

Review quote

This remarkable story is told concisely and clearly with ample documentation. A valuable resource for historians of modern science and post-Soviet Russia. . . . Highly recommended.February 2009 * Choice * Overall, this is an exceptionally thorough and useful book, which highlights the remarkable progress that has been made in Russian science in less than 20 years; illuminates the very real potential of mutually beneficial international cooperation; provides a clear roadmap of the equally real challenges that remain in science policy and professional practice . . .October 1, 2009 -- Mark S. Johnson * Colorado College * This book will be of great interest not only to scholars in the area of Russian and Soviet studies, but also to anyone who is involved in poicy-making in the sciences-especially in the Eastern bloc. these readers will find many recommendations on how to modernize the science industry and make it more effective. Vol. 54.2, Summer 2010 * Slavic and East European Journal * This book . . . provides an interesting and useful analysis of the development of research activities in Russia. * Europe-Asia Studies * This book will be of interest not only to scholars in the area of Russian and Soviet studies, but also to anyone who is involved in policy-making in the sciences-especially in the Eastern bloc. These readers will find many recommendations on how to modernize the science industry and make it more effective. Vol. 54.2, Summer 2010 * Slavic and East European Journal * Graham and Dezhina have produced a very insightful volume that will prove invaluable to those contemplating science policy in the region over the next decades. Vol. 68.4 Winter 2009 -- Michael D. Gordin * Princeton University * . . . [this book] supports the authors' unmatched erudition with a wealth of statistical data and thorough research, and produces penetrating analysis and stimulating conclusions. . . . would be of great interest not only to historians and sociologists of science and students of post-Soviet Russia, but also to science policy makers in many countries going through political and economic transition.Vol. 68.4 October 2009 -- Slava Gerovitch * M.I.T. *show more

About Loren R. Graham

Loren Graham, author of Moscow Stories (IUP, 2006), is a well-known historian of science who taught for many years at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University. He is the author of many books on the history of Soviet science. Irina Dezhina is Leading Research Fellow at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Moscow, and the author of many works on post-Soviet politics and society (in Russian).show more

Table of contents

ContentsIntroductionList of Acronyms1. Science at the End of the Soviet Period2. Breakup of the Soviet Union and Crisis in Russian Science3. Major Directions of Reform in Russian Science4. Foundations: A Novelty in Russian Science5. Developing a Commercial Culture for Russian Science6. International Support of Russian Science: History and Evolution7. Strengthening Research in Russian Universities: A U.S. and Russian Cooperative Effort8. Impact of International Activities on Russian Science9. ConclusionNotesIndexshow more

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