Science Bulletin Volume 4-5

Science Bulletin Volume 4-5

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1908 edition. Excerpt: ...creek. At this place the valley of the creek, which here runs nearly north, is less than a mile wide, surmounted on either side by high bluffs of Tertiary material. The immediate valley is excavated in the Cretaceous chalk. The result is that here, as elsewhere in western Kansas where like geological conditions obtain, the underfiow through the Tertiary sandstones, over the impervious chalk floor, comes abundantly into the valley, furnishing a considerable stream of water. Perhaps no stream in the western part of the state offers more favorable conditions for irrigation than does this in its lower part. In the dryest years there is always an abundance of water in the stream, and in the deep pools along its course there are always many fish. About a half mile above the site of the present ruins, the Tertiary underfiow comes to the surface along the side of a hill in such perpetual abundance that it is utilized in the irrigation of a considerable tract of land. "These two facts--easy facilities for unfailing and extensive irrigation, and a fish-and beaver-producing, perpetually flowing Stream--are undoubtedly explanatory of the location of the ruins at this place. The ruins are situated near the middle of the valley, close to the stream, and away from any possibility of ambush by hostile savages. They occupy a small knoll of ground, and, as first seen by us, consisted of a low, rounded heap of soil and stone, perhaps 75 or 100 feet in diameter, the soil wholly overgrown by buffalo grass. The rocks are the coarse sandstone of the neighboring hills. A small excavation had been made in the middle of this mound by previous explorers, perhaps two feet in depth and of a dozen square feet in area." In conclusion, Doctor Williston says: more

Product details

  • Paperback | 260 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 14mm | 472g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236800753
  • 9781236800756