Saudi Arabia in the Oil Era

Saudi Arabia in the Oil Era : Regime and Elites; Conflict and Collaboration

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Saudi Arabia has undergone a rapid social and economic transformation. When Ibn Saud declared the nation a unified kingdom in 1932, the majority of its population was nomadic and lived in a state of poverty or semi-poverty. Now the processes of modernisation, financed by the exploitation of the country's vast oil reserves, have produced a prosperous and predominantly urban population. However, this social change has not been without its tensions; the emergence of a rising middle class has called into question the monopoly of power of the House of Saud, its involvement in the kingdom's economy and its oil and foreign policy, while the rapid urbanisation of the rural population has eroded the traditional social structures and has not solved, but in some cases promoted, social division. This book, first published in 1988, explores the recent history of the Saudi oil state in an analysis of the struggle for social and political power in modern Saudi Arabia.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 266 pages
  • 159 x 235mm | 499g
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1138846333
  • 9781138846333

Table of contents

Part 1. Ruling Class and Elites in Saudi Arabia 1. The Consolidation of the Ruling Class in Saudi Arabia 2. `The Book and the Sword' - The Ulama and the Sauds 3. Modern Education and the Rise of New Elites in Saudi Arabia Part 2. Modernisation and Struggle for Political Reform 4. The Reign of Saud (1953-64): Struggle for Power and Nationalism 5. The Reign of Faysal (1964-75): New Elites, Oil and Rapid Development 6. Power Struggle, Modernisation and Reaction, 1975-80 7. The Zenith of the New Elites' Power: A False Dawn (1979-83) 8. The Reign of King Fahd (1982- ): Economic Crisis and Opposition 9. Conclusions
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