Excerpt from The Sanitary Inspector, Vol. 13: February, 1900
Not long since a city of inhabitants, situated in South ern Pennsylvania, began to suffer from typhoid fever to such an extent that. The State Inspector was started on a tour of investigation. The city is supplied by a large mountain stream which ﬂows through a hilly, rolling country for some twelve or thirteen miles.
Up this stream the inspector. Started in quest of filth, and filth he found, just five miles back of the city. There, on a small branch stream, was a ﬂourishing town of inhabitants, with a livery stable, numerous privies and more numerous pri vate drains, all emptying into this stream, which was practically an Open sewer. Yet this was not the worst. On investigation it was found that during the last month there had been nineteen cases of typhoid fever in this town and that half of the cases dwelt directly on the drainage area of this stream.
Six miles farther up the main brook there were other sources of pollution in 'the shape of piggeries, a number of country privies and a tannery. Is it any wonder that the city which was drinking this water should be swept by a scourge of typhoid? Yet the average citizen evidently thought he was getting pure mountain water, and never bothered about it until sickness and death became more apparent than usual.
A. Mountain stream like this will never purify itself, and poison in one end goes to the other just as surely as night follows day.
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