Safety Issues Associated with Plutonium Involvement in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Safety Issues Associated with Plutonium Involvement in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

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The "VOLGA" conferences, hosted in odd-numbered years by the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Reactor Physics of the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI), are some of the most prestigious technical meetings held in Russia. Traditionally, these conferences present the opportunity for reactor physicists from around the world to gather at MEPhI's holiday camp on the banks of the Volga river (near Tver) to exchange ideas and explore innovative concepts related to nuclear power development. In 1997, NATO became involved in the "VOLGA" meetings for the first time by co-sponsoring "VOLGA97" as an advanced research workshop. This workshop broke with tradition a bit in that the venue was moved from MEPhI's holiday camp to a location nearer Moscow. The workshop program was effectively organized in order to cover a broad range of topics relating to the theme of the meeting. Generally, the papers concerned safety- related questions associated with utilizing both weapons-grade and reactor-grade plutonium in the nuclear fuel cycle, including facility requirements, licensing issues, proliferation risks, and a variety of advanced concepts for alternative fuel cycles. The program contained a total of ninety-nine papers presented in five days of sessions.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 241 pages
  • 157.5 x 233.7 x 15.2mm | 226.8g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1999
  • XII, 241 p.
  • 0792355938
  • 9780792355939

Table of contents

Foreword; Th.A. Parish, et al. Acknowledgments; Th.A. Parish, et al. General Considerations for Plutonium Usage/Disposition. 1. The U.S.-Russian Joint Studies on Using Power Reactors to Disposition Surplus Weapons Plutonium as Spent Fuel; A. Chebeskov, et al. 2. Current State of and Near Term Prospects for Plutonium Management in Russia; A.M. Dmitriev. 3. The Role of Nuclear Power in Sustainable Development; V. Mourogov, et al. 4. Plutonium Disposition Research and Related Activities at the Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium; D.R. Boyle, R.S. Hartley. 5. The ISTC Projects Related to Plutonium Utilization and Disposition (Overview); A. Gerard, L.V. Tochenity. Fuel cycle and reprocessing aspects of plutonium usage. 6. Waste Partitioning and Transmutation as a Mear Towards Long-Term Risk Reduction; E.R. Merz. 7. Nuclear Criticality Safety Aspects of the Utilization of Weapons-Grade Plutonium in MOX fuel Using Current BNFL Technology; L.M. Farrington, P.E. Broome. 8. Reducing the Proliferation Risk of Weapons Plutonium by Mixing with Reactor-Grade Plutonium; R. Reimers, D. Von Ehrenstein. 9. COGEMA's Contribution to the Recycling of Military Plutonium; C. de Turenne. 10. Plutonium Incineration in LWRs. The First Step in the Double Strate Fuel Cycle; J. Magill, et al. 11. State of the Art and Outlook for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the Russian Federation; M.I. Solonin, et al. 12. On-Site Spent Fuel Management Based on Electrorefining; V.A. Khotylev, et al. Plutonium Usage in existing/Near-term Reactors. 13. Prospects For Improvement ofVVER Fuel Management and MOX Utilization; A.N. Novikov. 14. Use of Uranium-Erbium and Plutonium-Erbium Fuel in RBMK Reactors; A.A. Balygin, et al. 15. Plutonium Management and Actinide Burning in CANDU Reactors; P.S.W. Chan, et al. 16. The Next Stage in Nuclear Power Development: Improved Pu Usage, Safety, Radioactive Waste and Non-Proliferation Features; V.V. Orlov. 17. Neutronic Aspects of Weapons-Grade Plutonium Utilization in the VVER-1000 Fuel Cycle; N.I. Belousov, et al. 18. Validation of the MCU/RFFI/A Code for Applications to Plutonium Systems and Use of the MCU/RFFI/A Code for Verification of Physics Design Codes Intended for Calculations of VVER Reactor Performance With MOX Fuel; M.A. Kalugin. 19. Development of Neutronic Models for Two Types of Reactors Based on the SAPFIR Package of Universal Algorithms; V. Artemov, et al. 20. Performance Modeling for Weapons MOX Fuel in Light Water Reactors; K.L. Peddicord, J. Alvis Jr. Plutonium Usage and Advanced Reactors. 21. Nuclear Power Systems Using Fast Reactors to Reduce Long-Lived Wastes; V.I. Matveev, et al. 22. Plutonium-Fueled LMFRs: Problems of Design Optimization for Self-Protection; A.M. Kuzmin, V.S. Okunev. 23. Equilibrium, Proliferation Resistant, Closed Fuel Cycles for LWRs; A.N. Chmelev, et al. 24. Delayed Neutron Data for Actinides Obtained from Global Level Measurements; T.A. Parish, W.S. Charlton. 25. Burning of Plutonium in Advanced Modular Pebble Bed HTRs: The Most Effective and Safe Way for Disposition; M. Khorochev, et al. 26. Denaturing Ex-Weapons Plutonium; A.G. Tsikunov, et al. Au
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