The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of Science
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The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of Science

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Description

The political economy of research and innovation (R&I) is one of the central issues of the early twenty-first century. 'Science' and 'innovation' are increasingly tasked with driving and reshaping a troubled global economy while also tackling multiple, overlapping global challenges, such as climate change or food security, global pandemics or energy security. But responding to these demands is made more complicated because R&I themselves are changing. Today, new global patterns of R&I are transforming the very structures, institutions and processes of science and innovation, and with it their claims about desirable futures. Our understanding of R&I needs to change accordingly. Responding to this new urgency and uncertainty, this handbook presents a pioneering selection of the growing body of literature that has emerged in recent years at the intersection of science and technology studies and political economy. The central task for this research has been to expose important but consequential misconceptions about the political economy of R&I and to build more insightful approaches. This volume therefore explores the complex interrelations between R&I (both in general and in specific fields) and political economies across a number of key dimensions from health to environment, and universities to the military. The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of Science offers a unique collection of texts across a range of issues in this burgeoning and important field from a global selection of top scholars. The handbook is essential reading for students interested in the political economy of science, technology and innovation. It also presents succinct and insightful summaries of the state of the art for more advanced scholars.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 486 pages
  • 174 x 246 x 38.1mm | 974g
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 13 black & white illustrations, 15 black & white tables, 13 black & white line drawings
  • 1138922986
  • 9781138922983

About David Tyfield

David Tyfield is a Reader in Environmental Innovation and Sociology at the Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, UK, and Research Professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry (GIGCAS). Rebecca Lave is an Associate Professor in Geography at Indiana University, USA. Samuel Randalls is a Lecturer in Geography at University College London, UK. Charles Thorpe is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and a member of the Science Studies Program at the University of California, San Diego, USA.show more

Review quote

'Political economy goes all the way down. It saturates every nook and cranny of the production of scientific knowledge, technology, and the endless supply of hi-tech devices, gizmos, and applications. There is nothing pure and simple about any of them as this Handbook incisively demonstrates. They are all sullied. There are always political economic stories to tell, which this book does with historical precision, theoretical verve and persuasive eloquence.' - Trevor Barnes, Professor of Geography, the University of British Columbia, Canadashow more

Table of contents

Introduction: beyond crisis in the knowledge economy David Tyfield, Rebecca Lave, Samuel Randalls and Charles Thorpe Part I From the 'economics of science' to the 'political economy of research and innovation' 1. The political economy of science: prospects and retrospects David Edgerton 2. The "marketplace of ideas" and the centrality of science to neoliberalism Edward Nik-Khah 3. The political economy of the Manhattan project Charles Thorpe 4. The knowledge economy, the crash and the depression Ugo Pagano and Maria Alessandra Rossi 5. Science and engineering in digital capitalism Dan Schiller and ShinJoung Yeo 6. US Pharma's business model: why it is broken, and how it can be fixed William Lazonick, Matt Hopkins, Ken Jacobson, Mustafa Erdem Sakinc and Oner Tulum 7. Research & innovation (and) after neoliberalism: the case of Chinese smart e-mobility David Tyfield Part II Institutions of science and science funding 8. Controlled flows of pharmaceutical knowledge Sergio Sismondo 9. Open access panacea: scarcity, abundance, and enclosure in the new economy of academic knowledge production Chris Muellerlisle 10. The political economy of higher education and student debt Eric Best and Daniel Rich 11. Changes in Chinese higher education in the era of globalization Hongguan Xu and Tian Ye 12. Financing technoscience: finance, assetization and rentiership Kean Birch 13. The ethical government of science and innovation Luigi Pellizzoni 14. The political economy of military science Chris Langley and Stuart Parkinson Part III Fields of science 15. Genetically engineered food for a hungry world: a changing political economy Rebecca Harrison, Abby Kinchy, and Laura Rabinow 16. Biodiversity offsetting Rebecca Lave and Morgan Robertson 17. Distributed biotechnology Alessandro Delfanti 18. Translational medicine: science, risk and an emergent political economy of biomedical innovation Mark Robinson 19. Are climate models global public goods? Leigh Johnson and Costanza Rampini 20. Renewable energy research and development: a political economy perspective David J. Hess and Rachel G. McKane 21. Synthetic biology: a political economy of molecular futures Jairus Rossi Part IV Governing science and governing through science 22. Toward a political economy of neoliberal climate science Larry Lohmann 23. Commercializing environmental data Samuel Randalls 24. Science and standards Elizabeth Ransom, Maki Hatanaka, Jason Konefal and Allison Loconto 25. Agnotology and the new politicization of science and scientization of politics Manuel Fernandez Pinto 26. Reconstructing or reproducing? Scientific authority and models of change in two traditions of citizen science Gwen Ottinger Part V (Political economic) geographies of science 27. The transformation of Chinese science Richard P. Suttmeier 28. Postcolonial technoscience and development aid: insights from the political economy of locust control expertise Claude Peloquin 29. World-system analysis 2.0: globalized science in centers and peripheries Pierre Delvenne and Pablo Kreimer 30 From science as "development assistance" to "global philanthropy" Hebe Vessuri 31. Traveling imaginaries: the "practice turn" in innovation policy and the global circulation of innovation models Sebastian Pfotenhauer and Sheila Jasanoff 32. What is science critique? Lessig, Latour Phil Mirowskishow more