*DRAFT - NOT FOR PROMOTION PURPOSES*
Philosophical Resources Possible thematic editors: Toni Erskine, University of New South Wales; Richard Beardsworth, University of Wales- Aberystwyth
Ethics in International Relations has been shaped and informed by more comprehensive, and historical, debates in philosophy. Drawing on resources from a variety of philosophers over the past two millennia (and more) Ethics in IR has focused on what rights, duties, responsibilities and agency individuals, groups, and (eventually) nation-states have to themselves and one another. From Plato, Aristotle, Jesus, Cicero, and Tacitus, to Augustine, Acquinas, Grotius, Hobbes, Kant, Locke and Hegel, to modern philosophy from Rawls to Rorty – the consultation and engagement scholars of Ethics in IR have had with these philosophical resources is impressive. This theme explores the distillation of philosophy in Ethics in IR through a variety of topics.
Possible topics: Classical (antiquity) approaches to ethics, cosmopolitanism, communitarian/Hegelian, consequentialism, deontological, Kantian, Rawlsian, communicative, non-western political thought
International Relations Theory Possible thematic editors: Kirsten Ainley, London School of Economics; Christian Reus-Smit, University of Queensland
No terrain better characterizes some of the major purposes of Ethics in International Relations than the ways in which scholars have used International Relations (as a field) and its theories to address the role ethics plays in international politics. The more explanatory purchase of such perspectives make them useful for addressing the why questions of the field – as in, ‘why did actor X pursue strategy/action/behavior Y’? The more normative purpose of the field attends to such perspectives to judge the world, the way it is and the way it could be, perhaps ought to be, in the future. This theme reviews how the major and emerging perspectives of International Relations both inform and have been utilized for Ethics in IR.
Possible topics: Realism, liberalism, the English school, constructivism, Marxism/Gramscianism, poststructuralism, feminism, and postcolonialism.
Religious Traditions Possible thematic editors: Cecelia Lynch, University of California-Riverside; Caron Gentry, University of St. Andrews; or Vibeke Tjalve, University of Copenhagen
When scholars seek out understandings for broader trends in international politics, they may sometimes consider the ways in which ‘ethical frameworks’ provide agents (from individuals to groups to states) reasons and principles for action. Religion has historically, through today, been one resource for such frameworks. This theme provides an overview of how various religions - their texts, histories, and philosophies - have served as important contexts and resources for those working on Ethics in IR.
Possible topics: Christian (perhaps broken into several chapters), Islamic, Judaic, Buddhist, Hindu
International Security and Just War Possible thematic editors: Cian O’Driscoll, University of Glasgow; Antony Burke, University of New South Wales; Richard Price, University of British Columbia, Thomas Ward, Holy Cross,
There is arguably no other topic within International Relations that has been treated more comprehensively, and historically, by the field of Ethics in International Affairs than international security – with the particular framework of ‘Just War’ witnessing a renaissance of interest in the past decade. This theme provides a comprehensive overview of the Just War Tradition, as well as more contemporary concerns regarding the permissibility of conflict and the morality of certain means and methods of conflict in contemporary global politics.
Possible topics: Just War categories, nuclear weapons, torture, chemical/biological weapons, land mines, asymmetric conflict, terrorism, guerilla warfare, civil war, sanctions, drones, cyber
Peace and Conflict Resolution Possible thematic editor: Melissa Labonte, Fordham University; Larissa Fast, University of Notre Dame
No volume or work dealing with ethics would be complete without considering the role that the approaches to peace, and practical strategies for conflict resolution, play in global politics, and how ethical perspectives can or should inform these policies. This theme considers not only these ideas, but also considers tactics, strategies, and applications for realizing peace.
Possible topics: nonviolent resistance, pragmatic pacifism, conflict resolution, truth commissions, peace-building, peacekeeping
Justice, Rights, and Global Governance Possible thematic editors: Harry Gould, Florida International University; Michael Struett, North Carolina State University
Ethics has been characterized by a variety of debates over justice, law, rights and responsibility. What roles do conceptions of justice, and their embodiment (qualified or not) in international law, play in international politics when it comes to seeking out ethical (re)solutions of international disputes and conflicts? What are the ethical bases for the proliferation of human rights standards throughout the globe in the post-WWII order? This theme provides a broad engagement of the normative perspectives, mechanisms, and history of justice in international politics.
Possible topics: international law, theories of justice, ethics and global governance, accountability and responsibility, crime and punishment (including the International Criminal Court), human rights.
Intervention Possible thematic editor: James Pattison, University of Manchester; Alex Bellamy, Griffith University
Especially in light of events such as the Kosovo intervention, and the more recent intervention in Libya, one of the more salient debates for decades in the field of Ethics in International Affairs has been the over the legitimacy of this type of international intervention. When, how, where, and in what form should actors (states or otherwise) intervene into the affairs of other states and for what purposes is such intervention justified?
Possible topics: sovereignty, genocide/massacre, humanitarian intervention, economic and humanitarian aid, Responsibility to Protect, relief agencies and the role of non-state actors in humanitarian assistance.
Global Economics Possible thematic editors: James Brasset, University of Warwick; Patrick Hayden, University of St. Andrews
The recent global financial crisis exposed not only the interdependence of a globalized world, but also the manner in which different conceptions of ethics are involved in responding to such crises globally, nationally, and locally. Economic issues have always been shot through with ethical considerations, with the construction of global financial institutions such as the World Bank and the IMF purposed by the need to prevent the types of economic instability that led (in part) to the Second World War. Further, how should we respond to increasing inequality and economic deprivation?
Possible topics: global inequality, poverty, distributive justice, neoliberalism and its critics, international financial institutions
Environment, Health, and Migration Possible thematic editors: Robyn Eckersley, University of Melbourne; Jeremy Youde, University of Minnesota-Duluth; Lorraine Elliot, Australian National University
Although the field of International Relations has conventionally focused on a narrow set of topics, the past decade has seen a renewed interest –analytical as well as normative – of the influences, responses, and effects of environmental degradation (as a ‘tragedy’ of the commons), health crises, and migration flows. This theme reviews the treatment of such global, and international, phenomena in Ethics in International Affairs.
Possible topics: climate change and Kyoto, sustainability, green political theory, human migration (refugees, IDPs and asylum), citizenship, global public health, pandemicsshow more