Routing and Switching Essentials V6 Companion Guide
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Routing and Switching Essentials V6 Companion Guide

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Routing and Switching Essentials v6 Companion Guide Routing and Switching Essentials v6 Companion Guide is the official supplemental textbook for the Routing and Switching Essentials course in the Cisco Networking Academy CCNA Routing and Switching curriculum. This course describes the architecture, components, and operations of routers and switches in a small network. The Companion Guide is designed as a portable desk reference to use anytime, anywhere to reinforce the material from the course and organize your time. The book's features help you focus on important concepts to succeed in this course: * Chapter Objectives-Review core concepts by answering the focus questions listed at the beginning of each chapter. * Key Terms-Refer to the lists of networking vocabulary introduced and highlighted in context in each chapter. * Glossary-Consult the comprehensive Glossary with more than 250 terms. * Summary of Activities and Labs-Maximize your study time with this complete list of all associated practice exercises at the end of each chapter. * Check Your Understanding-Evaluate your readiness with the end-ofchapter questions that match the style of questions you see in the online course quizzes. The answer key explains each answer. * How To-Look for this icon to study the steps you need to learn to perform certain tasks. * Interactive Activities-Reinforce your understanding of topics with dozens of exercises from the online course identified throughout the book with this icon. * Packet Tracer Activities-Explore and visualize networking concepts using Packet Tracer exercises interspersed throughout the chapters and provided in the accompanying Labs & Study Guide book. * Videos-Watch the videos embedded within the online course. * Hands-on Labs-Work through all the course labs and additional Class Activities that are included in the course and published in the separate Labs & Study Guide. This book is part of the Cisco Networking Academy Series from Cisco Press. Books in this series support and complement the Cisco Networking Academy curriculum.show more

Product details

  • Mixed media product | 640 pages
  • 203 x 232 x 30.48mm | 1,288g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Cisco Press
  • Indianapolis, United States
  • English
  • 1587134284
  • 9781587134289
  • 557,227

About Cisco Networking Academy

Cisco Networking Academy teaches hundreds of thousands of students annually the skills needed to build, design, and maintain networks, improving their career prospects while filling the global demand for networking professionals. With 10,000 academies in 165 countries, it helps individuals prepare for industry-recognized certifications and entry-level information and communication technology careers in virtually every industry-developing foundational technical skills while acquiring vital 21st-century career skills in problem solving, collaboration, and critical thinking. Cisco Networking Academy uses a public-private partnership model to create the "world's largest classroom."show more

Table of contents

Introduction xxi Chapter 1 Routing Concepts 1 Objectives 1 Key Terms 1 Introduction (1.0.1.1) 3 Router Initial Configuration (1.1) 4 Router Functions (1.1.1) 4 Characteristics of a Network (1.1.1.1) 4 Why Routing? (1.1.1.2) 6 Routers Are Computers (1.1.1.3) 7 Routers Interconnect Networks (1.1.1.4) 9 Routers Choose Best Paths (1.1.1.5) 10 Packet-Forwarding Mechanisms (1.1.1.6) 11 Connect Devices (1.1.2) 14 Connect to a Network (1.1.2.1) 14 Default Gateways (1.1.2.2) 16 Document Network Addressing (1.1.2.3) 17 Enable IP on a Host (1.1.2.4) 18 Device LEDs (1.1.2.5) 19 Console Access (1.1.2.6) 21 Enable IP on a Switch (1.1.2.7) 22 Router Basic Settings (1.1.3) 23 Configure Basic Router Settings (1.1.3.1) 23 Configure an IPv4 Router Interface (1.1.3.2) 24 Configure an IPv6 Router Interface (1.1.3.3) 26 Configure an IPv4 Loopback Interface (1.1.3.4) 29 Verify Connectivity of Directly Connected Networks (1.1.4) 30 Verify Interface Settings (1.1.4.1) 30 Verify IPv6 Interface Settings (1.1.4.2) 32 Filter Show Command Output (1.1.4.3) 35 Command History Feature (1.1.4.4) 36 Routing Decisions (1.2) 37 Switching Packets Between Networks (1.2.1) 37 Router Switching Function (1.2.1.1) 38 Send a Packet (1.2.1.2) 39 Forward to the Next Hop (1.2.1.3) 40 Packet Routing (1.2.1.4) 42 Reach the Destination (1.2.1.5) 43 Path Determination (1.2.2) 44 Routing Decisions (1.2.2.1) 44 Best Path (1.2.2.2) 45 Load Balancing (1.2.2.3) 46 Administrative Distance (1.2.2.4) 47 Router Operation (1.3) 48 Analyze the Routing Table (1.3.1) 49 The Routing Table (1.3.1.1) 49 Routing Table Sources (1.3.1.2) 49 Remote Network Routing Entries (1.3.1.3) 51 Directly Connected Routes (1.3.2) 52 Directly Connected Interfaces (1.3.2.1) 52 Directly Connected Routing Table Entries (1.3.2.2) 53 Directly Connected Examples (1.3.2.3) 54 Directly Connected IPv6 Example (1.3.2.4) 55 Statically Learned Routes (1.3.3) 58 Static Routes (1.3.3.1) 58 Static Route Examples (1.3.3.2) 59 Static IPv6 Route Examples (1.3.3.3) 61 Dynamic Routing Protocols (1.3.4) 62 Dynamic Routing (1.3.4.1) 62 IPv4 Routing Protocols (1.3.4.2) 63 IPv4 Dynamic Routing Examples (1.3.4.3) 64 IPv6 Routing Protocols (1.3.4.4) 65 IPv6 Dynamic Routing Examples (1.3.4.5) 66 Summary (1.4) 67 Practice 68 Class Activities 68 Labs 68 Packet Tracer Activities 69 Check Your Understanding Questions 69 Chapter 2 Static Routing 75 Objectives 75 Key Terms 75 Introduction (2.0.1.1) 76 Implement Static Routes (2.1) 76 Static Routing (2.1.1) 77 Reach Remote Networks (2.1.1.1) 77 Why Use Static Routing? (2.1.1.2) 78 When to Use Static Routes (2.1.1.3) 79 Types of Static Routes (2.1.2) 80 Static Route Applications (2.1.2.1) 80 Standard Static Route (2.1.2.2) 81 Default Static Route (2.1.2.3) 81 Summary Static Route (2.1.2.4) 82 Floating Static Route (2.1.2.5) 83 Configure Static and Default Routes (2.2) 84 Configure IPv4 Static Routes (2.2.1) 84 The ip route Command (2.2.1.1) 84 Next-Hop Options (2.2.1.2) 85 Configure a Next-Hop Static Route (2.2.1.3) 87 Configure a Directly Connected Static Route (2.2.1.4) 88 Configure a Fully Specified Static Route (2.2.1.5) 90 Verify a Static Route (2.2.1.6) 92 Configure IPv4 Default Routes (2.2.2) 93 Default Static Route (2.2.2.1) 93 Configure a Default Static Route (2.2.2.2) 93 Verify a Default Static Route (2.2.2.3) 94 Configure IPv6 Static Routes (2.2.3) 95 The ipv6 route Command (2.2.3.1) 95 Next-Hop Options (2.2.3.2) 96 Configure a Next-Hop Static IPv6 Route (2.2.3.3) 99 Configure a Directly Connected Static IPv6 Route (2.2.3.4) 100 Configure a Fully Specified Static IPv6 Route (2.2.3.5) 102 Verify IPv6 Static Routes (2.2.3.6) 103 Configure IPv6 Default Routes (2.2.4) 104 Default Static IPv6 Route (2.2.4.1) 104 Configure a Default Static IPv6 Route (2.2.4.2) 105 Verify a Default Static Route (2.2.4.3) 105 Configure Floating Static Routes (2.2.5) 106 Floating Static Routes (2.2.5.1) 106 Configure an IPv4 Floating Static Route (2.2.5.2) 107 Test the IPv4 Floating Static Route (2.2.5.3) 108 Configure an IPv6 Floating Static Route (2.2.5.4) 110 Configure Static Host Routes (2.2.6) 111 Automatically Installed Host Routes (2.2.6.1) 111 Configure IPv4 and IPv6 Static Host Routes (2.2.6.2) 113 Troubleshoot Static and Default Route (2.3) 115 Packet Processing with Static Routes (2.3.1) 115 Static Routes and Packet Forwarding (2.3.1.1) 115 Troubleshoot IPv4 Static and Default Route Configuration (2.3.2) 116 Troubleshoot a Missing Route (2.3.2.1) 116 Solve a Connectivity Problem (2.3.2.2) 118 Summary (2.4) 122 Practice 123 Class Activities 123 Labs 123 Packet Tracer Activities 123 Check Your Understanding Questions 124 Chapter 3 Dynamic Routing 127 Objectives 127 Key Terms 127 Introduction (3.0.1.1) 129 Dynamic Routing Protocols (3.1) 130 Dynamic Routing Protocol Overview (3.1.1) 130 Dynamic Routing Protocol Evolution (3.1.1.1) 130 Dynamic Routing Protocol Components (3.1.1.2) 132 Dynamic Versus Static Routing (3.1.2) 133 Static Routing Uses (3.1.2.1) 133 Static Routing Advantages and Disadvantages (3.1.2.2) 134 Dynamic Routing Protocols Uses (3.1.2.3) 134 Dynamic Routing Advantages and Disadvantages (3.1.2.4) 135 RIPv2 (3.2) 136 Configuring the RIP Protocol (3.2.1) 136 Router RIP Configuration Mode (3.2.1.1) 136 Advertise Networks (3.2.1.2) 138 Verify RIP Routing (3.2.1.3) 139 Enable and Verify RIPv2 (3.2.1.4) 140 Disable Auto Summarization (3.2.1.5) 142 Configure Passive Interfaces (3.2.1.6) 143 Propagate a Default Route (3.2.1.7) 145 The Routing Table (3.3) 147 Parts of an IPv4 Route Entry (3.3.1) 147 Routing Table Entries (3.3.1.1) 148 Directly Connected Entries (3.3.1.2) 149 Remote Network Entries (3.3.1.3) 150 Dynamically Learned IPv4 Routes (3.3.2) 151 Routing Table Terms (3.3.2.1) 151 Ultimate Route (3.3.2.2) 152 Level 1 Route (3.3.2.3) 153 Level 1 Parent Route (3.3.2.4) 154 Level 2 Child Route (3.3.2.5) 155 The IPv4 Route Lookup Process (3.3.3) 156 Route Lookup Process (3.3.3.1) 156 Best Route = Longest Match (3.3.3.2) 158 Analyze an IPv6 Routing Table (3.3.4) 159 IPv6 Routing Table Entries (3.3.4.1) 159 Directly Connected Entries (3.3.4.2) 160 Remote IPv6 Network Entries (3.3.4.3) 162 Summary (3.4) 165 Practice 166 Class Activities 166 Labs 166 Packet Tracer Activities 166 Check Your Understanding Questions 166 Chapter 4 Switched Networks 171 Objectives 171 Key Terms 171 Introduction (4.0.1.1) 173 LAN Design (4.1) 173 Converged Networks (4.1.1) 174 Growing Complexity of Networks (4.1.1.1) 174 Elements of a Converged Network (4.1.1.2) 175 Cisco Borderless Networks (4.1.1.3) 176 Hierarchy in the Borderless Switched Network (4.1.1.4) 177 Access, Distribution, and Core Layers (4.1.1.5) 179 Switched Networks (4.1.2) 181 Role of Switched Networks (4.1.2.1) 181 Form Factors (4.1.2.2) 183 The Switched Environment (4.2) 185 Frame Forwarding (4.2.1) 186 Switching as a General Concept in Networking and Telecommunications (4.2.1.1) 186 Dynamically Populating a Switch MAC Address Table (4.2.1.2) 188 Switch Forwarding Methods (4.2.1.3) 189 Store-and-Forward Switching (4.2.1.4) 190 Cut-Through Switching (4.2.1.5) 191 Switching Domains (4.2.2) 193 Collision Domains (4.2.2.1) 193 Broadcast Domains (4.2.2.2) 194 Alleviating Network Congestion (4.2.2.3) 195 Summary (4.3) 197 Practice 198 Class Activities 198 Check Your Understanding Questions 199 Chapter 5 Switch Configuration 203 Objectives 203 Key Terms 203 Introduction (5.0.1.1) 204 Basic Switch Configuration (5.1) 205 Configure a Switch with Initial Settings (5.1.1) 205 Switch Boot Sequence (5.1.1.1) 205 Recovering from a System Crash (5.1.1.2) 206 Switch LED Indicators (5.1.1.3) 207 Preparing for Basic Switch Management (5.1.1.4) 209 Configuring Basic Switch Management Access with IPv4 (5.1.1.5) 210 Configure Switch Ports (5.1.2) 213 Duplex Communication (5.1.2.1) 213 Configure Switch Ports at the Physical Layer (5.1.2.2) 214 Auto-MDIX (5.1.2.3) 215 Verifying Switch Port Configuration (5.1.2.4) 216 Network Access Layer Issues (5.1.2.5) 218 Troubleshooting Network Access Layer Issues (5.1.2.6) 221 Switch Security (5.2) 222 Secure Remote Access (5.2.1) 222 SSH Operation (5.2.1.1) 222 Configuring SSH (5.2.1.2) 225 Verifying SSH (5.2.1.3) 227 Switch Port Security (5.2.2) 229 Secure Unused Ports (5.2.2.1) 229 Port Security: Operation (5.2.2.2) 230 Port Security: Violation Modes (5.2.2.3) 232 Port Security: Configuring (5.2.2.4) 233 Port Security: Verifying (5.2.2.5) 234 Ports in Error-Disabled State (5.2.2.6) 236 Summary (5.3) 239 Practice 240 Class Activities 240 Labs 241 Packet Tracer Activities 241 Check Your Understanding Questions 241 Chapter 6 VLANs 245 Objectives 245 Key Terms 245 Introduction (6.0.1.1) 247 VLAN Segmentation (6.1) 248 Overview of VLANs (6.1.1) 248 VLAN Definitions (6.1.1.1) 248 Benefits of VLANs (6.1.1.2) 249 Types of VLANs (6.1.1.3) 250 Voice VLANs (6.1.1.4) 252 VLANs in a Multiswitched Environment (6.1.2) 253 VLAN Trunks (6.1.2.1) 253 Controlling Broadcast Domains with VLANs (6.1.2.2) 254 Tagging Ethernet Frames for VLAN Identification (6.1.2.3) 256 Native VLANs and 802.1Q Tagging (6.1.2.4) 257 Voice VLAN Tagging (6.1.2.5) 258 VLAN Implementations (6.2) 260 VLAN Assignment (6.2.1) 260 VLAN Ranges on Catalyst Switches (6.2.1.1) 260 Creating a VLAN (6.2.1.2) 262 Assigning Ports to VLANs (6.2.1.3) 263 Changing VLAN Port Membership (6.2.1.4) 264 Deleting VLANs (6.2.1.5) 266 Verifying VLAN Information (6.2.1.6) 267 VLAN Trunks (6.2.2) 270 Configuring IEEE 802.1Q Trunk Links (6.2.2.1) 270 Resetting the Trunk to Default State (6.2.2.2) 272 Verifying Trunk Configuration (6.2.2.3) 273 Troubleshoot VLANs and Trunks (6.2.3) 275 IP Addressing Issues with VLAN (6.2.3.1) 275 Missing VLANs (6.2.3.2) 276 Introduction to Troubleshooting Trunks (6.2.3.3) 278 Common Problems with Trunks (6.2.3.4) 279 Incorrect Port Mode (6.2.3.5) 281 Incorrect VLAN List (6.2.3.6) 284 Inter-VLAN Routing Using Routers (6.3) 287 Inter-VLAN Routing Operation (6.3.1) 287 What Is Inter-VLAN Routing? (6.3.1.1) 287 Legacy Inter-VLAN Routing (6.3.1.2) 288 Router-on-a-Stick Inter-VLAN Routing (6.3.1.3) 290 Configure Legacy Inter-VLAN Routing (6.3.2) 292 Configure Legacy Inter-VLAN Routing: Preparation (6.3.2.1) 292 Configure Legacy Inter-VLAN Routing: Switch Configuration (6.3.2.2) 293 Configure Legacy Inter-VLAN Routing: Router Interface Configuration (6.3.2.3) 294 Configure Router-on-a-Stick Inter-VLAN Routing (6.3.3) 296 Configure Router-on-a-Stick: Preparation (6.3.3.1) 296 Configure Router-on-a-Stick: Switch Configuration (6.3.3.2) 297 Configure Router-on-a-Stick: Router Subinterface Configuration (6.3.3.3) 298 Configure Router-on-a-Stick: Verifying Subinterfaces (6.3.3.4) 299 Configure Router-on-a-Stick: Verifying Routing (6.3.3.5) 300 Summary (6.4) 303 Practice 304 Class Activities 305 Labs 305 Packet Tracer Activities 305 Check Your Understanding Questions 305 Chapter 7 Access Control Lists 309 Objectives 309 Key Terms 309 Introduction (7.0.1.1) 310 ACL Operation (7.1) 310 Purpose of ACLs (7.1.1) 311 What Is an ACL? (7.1.1.1) 311 Packet Filtering (7.1.1.2) 312 ACL Operation (7.1.1.3) 313 Wildcard Masks in ACLs (7.1.2) 314 Introducing ACL Wildcard Masking (7.1.2.1) 314 Wildcard Mask Examples (7.1.2.2) 316 Calculating the Wildcard Mask (7.1.2.3) 317 Wildcard Mask Keywords (7.1.2.4) 319 Wildcard Mask Keyword Examples (7.1.2.5) 320 Guidelines for ACL Creation (7.1.3) 321 General Guidelines for Creating ACLs (7.1.3.1) 321 ACL Best Practices (7.1.3.2) 322 Guidelines for ACL Placement (7.1.4) 322 Where to Place ACLs (7.1.4.1) 322 Standard ACL Placement (7.1.4.2) 324 Standard IPv4 ACLs (7.2) 325 Configure Standard IPv4 ACLs (7.2.1) 325 Numbered Standard IPv4 ACL Syntax (7.2.1.1) 325 Applying Standard IPv4 ACLs to Interfaces (7.2.1.2) 328 Numbered Standard IPv4 ACL Examples (7.2.1.3) 329 Named Standard IPv4 ACL Syntax (7.2.1.4) 330 Modify IPv4 ACLs (7.2.2) 332 Method 1: Use a Text Editor (7.2.2.1) 333 Method 2: Use Sequence Numbers (7.2.2.2) 334 Editing Standard Named ACLs (7.2.2.3) 335 Verifying ACLs (7.2.2.4) 336 ACL Statistics (7.2.2.5) 338 Securing VTY Ports with a Standard IPv4 ACL (7.2.3) 339 The access-class Command (7.2.3.1) 339 Verifying the VTY Port Is Secured (7.2.3.2) 341 Troubleshoot ACLs (7.3) 342 Processing Packets with ACLs (7.3.1) 342 The Implicit Deny Any (7.3.1.1) 343 The Order of ACEs in an ACL (7.3.1.2) 343 Cisco IOS Reorders Standard ACLs (7.3.1.3) 344 Routing Processes and ACLs (7.3.1.4) 347 Common IPv4 Standard ACL Errors (7.3.2) 349 Troubleshooting Standard IPv4 ACLs-Example 1 (7.3.2.1) 349 Troubleshooting Standard IPv4 ACLs-Example 2 (7.3.2.2) 351 Troubleshooting Standard IPv4 ACLs-Example 3 (7.3.2.3) 352 Summary (7.4) 355 Practice 356 Class Activities 357 Labs 357 Packet Tracer Activities 357 Check Your Understanding Questions 357 Chapter 8 DHCP 361 Objectives 361 Key Terms 361 Introduction (8.0.1.1) 363 DHCPv4 (8.1) 363 DHCPv4 Operation (8.1.1) 363 Introducing DHCPv4 (8.1.1.1) 364 DHCPv4 Operation (8.1.1.2) 364 DHCPv4 Message Format (8.1.1.3) 367 DHCPv4 Discover and Offer Messages (8.1.1.4) 369 Configuring a Basic DHCPv4 Server (8.1.2) 370 Configuring a Basic DHCPv4 Server (8.1.2.1) 370 Verifying DHCPv4 (8.1.2.2) 373 DHCPv4 Relay (8.1.2.3) 377 Configure DHCPv4 Client (8.1.3) 380 Configuring a Router as a DHCPv4 Client (8.1.3.1) 380 Configuring a Wireless Router as a DHCPv4 Client (8.1.3.2) 381 Troubleshoot DHCPv4 (8.1.4) 382 Troubleshooting Tasks (8.1.4.1) 382 Verify Router DHCPv4 Configuration (8.1.4.2) 384 Debugging DHCPv4 (8.1.4.3) 385 DHCPv6 (8.2) 387 SLAAC and DHCPv6 (8.2.1) 387 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration (SLAAC) (8.2.1.1) 387 SLAAC Operation (8.2.1.2) 389 SLAAC and DHCPv6 (8.2.1.3) 390 SLAAC Option (8.2.1.4) 391 Stateless DHCPv6 Option (8.2.1.5) 392 Stateful DHCPv6 Option (8.2.1.6) 393 DHCPv6 Operations (8.2.1.7) 394 Stateless DHCPv6 (8.2.2) 395 Configuring a Router as a Stateless DHCPv6 Server (8.2.2.1) 395 Configuring a Router as a Stateless DHCPv6 Client (8.2.2.2) 396 Verifying Stateless DHCPv6 (8.2.2.3) 397 Stateful DHCPv6 Server (8.2.3) 399 Configuring a Router as a Stateful DHCPv6 Server (8.2.3.1) 399 Configuring a Router as a Stateful DHCPv6 Client (8.2.3.2) 401 Verifying Stateful DHCPv6 (8.2.3.3) 401 Configuring a Router as a DHCPv6 Relay Agent (8.2.3.4) 402 Troubleshoot DHCPv6 (8.2.4) 404 Troubleshooting Tasks (8.2.4.1) 404 Verify Router DHCPv6 Configuration (8.2.4.2) 405 Debugging DHCPv6 (8.2.4.3) 407 Summary (8.3) 409 Practice 410 Class Activities 410 Labs 411 Packet Tracer Activities 411 Check Your Understanding Questions 411 Chapter 9 NAT for IPv4 415 Objectives 415 Key Terms 415 Introduction (9.0.1.1) 417 NAT Operation (9.1) 418 NAT Characteristics (9.1.1) 418 IPv4 Private Address Space (9.1.1.1) 418 What Is NAT? (9.1.1.2) 419 NAT Terminology (9.1.1.3 & 9.1.1.4) 420 How NAT Works (9.1.1.5) 423 Types of NAT (9.1.2) 424 Static NAT (9.1.2.1) 424 Dynamic NAT (9.1.2.2) 425 Port Address Translation (PAT) (9.1.2.3) 426 Next Available Port (9.1.2.4) 427 Comparing NAT and PAT (9.1.2.5) 428 NAT Advantages (9.1.3) 430 Advantages of NAT (9.1.3.1) 430 Disadvantages of NAT (9.1.3.2) 430 Configure NAT (9.2) 431 Configuring Static NAT (9.2.1) 432 Configure Static NAT (9.2.1.1) 432 Analyzing Static NAT (9.2.1.2) 433 Verifying Static NAT (9.2.1.3) 434 Configure Dynamic NAT (9.2.2) 436 Dynamic NAT Operation (9.2.2.1) 436 Configuring Dynamic NAT (9.2.2.2) 437 Analyzing Dynamic NAT (9.2.2.3) 438 Verifying Dynamic NAT (9.2.2.4) 440 Configure PAT (9.2.3) 443 Configuring PAT: Address Pool (9.2.3.1) 443 Configuring PAT: Single Address (9.2.3.2) 445 Analyzing PAT (9.2.3.3) 446 Verifying PAT (9.2.3.4) 449 Configure Port Forwarding (9.2.4) 451 Port Forwarding (9.2.4.1) 451 Wireless Router Example (9.2.4.2) 452 Configuring Port Forwarding with IOS (9.2.4.3) 453 NAT and IPv6 (9.2.5) 456 NAT for IPv6? (9.2.5.1) 456 IPv6 Unique Local Addresses (9.2.5.2) 457 NAT for IPv6 (9.2.5.3) 458 Troubleshoot NAT (9.3) 459 NAT Troubleshooting Commands (9.3.1) 460 The show ip nat Commands (9.3.1.1) 460 The debug ip nat Command (9.3.1.2) 462 NAT Troubleshooting Scenario (9.3.1.3) 464 Summary (9.4) 468 Practice 469 Class Activities 469 Labs 469 Packet Tracer Activities 469 Check Your Understanding Questions 470 Chapter 10 Device Discovery, Management, and Maintenance 475 Objectives 475 Key Terms 475 Introduction (10.0.0.1) 477 Device Discovery (10.1) 477 Device Discovery with CDP (10.1.1) 477 CDP Overview (10.1.1.1) 477 Configure and Verify CDP (10.1.1.2) 478 Discover Devices Using CDP (10.1.1.3) 480 Device Discovery with LLDP (10.1.2) 483 LLDP Overview (10.1.2.1) 483 Configure and Verify LLDP (10.1.2.2) 484 Discover Devices Using LLDP (10.1.2.3) 484 Device Management (10.2) 486 NTP (10.2.1) 487 Setting the System Clock (10.2.1.1) 487 NTP Operation (10.2.1.2) 488 Configure and Verify NTP (10.2.1.3) 489 Syslog Operation (10.2.2) 491 Introduction to Syslog (10.2.2.1) 491 Syslog Operation (10.2.2.2) 492 Syslog Message Format (10.2.2.3) 493 Service Timestamp (10.2.2.4) 496 Syslog Configuration (10.2.3) 497 Syslog Server (10.2.3.1) 497 Default Logging (10.2.3.2) 497 Router and Switch Commands for Syslog Clients (10.2.3.3) 499 Verifying Syslog (10.2.3.4) 500 Device Maintenance (10.3) 502 Router and Switch File Maintenance (10.3.1) 502 Router File Systems (10.3.1.1) 502 Switch File Systems (10.3.1.2) 505 Backing Up and Restoring Using Text Files (10.3.1.3) 505 Backing Up and Restoring TFTP (10.3.1.4) 507 Using USB Ports on a Cisco Router (10.3.1.5) 508 Backing Up and Restoring Using a USB (10.3.1.6) 508 Password Recovery (10.3.1.7) 511 IOS System Files (10.3.2) 514 IOS 15 System Image Packaging (10.3.2.1) 514 IOS Image Filenames (10.3.2.2) 515 IOS Image Management (10.3.3) 517 TFTP Servers as a Backup Location (10.3.3.1) 517 Steps to Back Up IOS Image to TFTP Server (10.3.3.2) 518 Steps to Copy an IOS Image to a Device (10.3.3.3) 519 The boot system Command (10.3.3.4) 521 Software Licensing (10.3.4) 522 Licensing Overview (10.3.4.1) 522 Licensing Process (10.3.4.2) 524 Step 1. Purchase the Software Package or Feature to Install (10.3.4.3) 524 Step 2. Obtain a License (10.3.4.4) 525 Step 3. Install the License (10.3.4.5) 526 License Verification and Management (10.3.5) 527 License Verification (10.3.5.1) 527 Activate an Evaluation Right-to-Use License (10.3.5.2) 529 Back Up the License (10.3.5.3) 531 Uninstall the License (10.3.5.4) 532 Summary (10.4) 534 Practice 534 Labs 534 Packet Tracer Activities 535 Check Your Understanding Questions 535 Appendix A Answers to the "Check Your Understanding" Questions Glossary 9781587134289 TOC 11/8/2016show more