The Riviera, Ancient and Modern

The Riviera, Ancient and Modern

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1895 edition. Excerpt: which each displays all the resources of scientific apparatus and formidable artillery against an invisible antagonist. The consequence of all these improvements is that an arsenal is less well protected at the present day by a continuous wall than by a series of detached forts on all the surrounding heights, and which can keep besiegers more than 20 kilometres away. The precipitous hills which overlook Toulon from the north, and which flank it at the east and west, lend themselves admirably to all the requirements of the modern system of defence. Looked at in its larger outlines, the roadstead of Toulon appears to be divided into two distinct parts; the greater and the lesser roadstead. The first serves as outer harbour to the second; it looks to the east, but from Cape Sepet to Cape Brun, between which it opens, it is 3 kilometres (about 2 miles) wide, and in this space vessels ride at ease. The inlet and outlet are both easily practicable. The lesser roadstead includes, beyond the neck formed by the cape of l'figuillette on one side and the Grand Tour on the other, a surface of 700 hectares (17"30 acres). This inner harbour is well sheltered from the winds, protected by the cross-fire of the batteries everywhere, and communicates directly with the wet docks and the arsenal. Such are the excellent topographical conditions that form the defences of Toulon. Ten years ago they were deemed sufficient, but now are no longer thought so. The question has been raised of closing the greater roadstead by two immense piers starting from the shore; the first at Cape Brun, the second at the northern point of the peninsula of Saint Mandrier, each of which, when these works are carried out, which they soon will be, will be protected from the open sea...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 118 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 227g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236640896
  • 9781236640895