Rewriting the Soul

Rewriting the Soul : Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory

4.09 (160 ratings by Goodreads)
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Twenty-five years ago one could list by name the tiny number of multiple personalities recorded in the history of Western medicine, but today hundreds of people receive treatment for dissociative disorders in every sizable town in North America. Clinicians, backed by a grassroots movement of patients and therapists, find child sexual abuse to be the primary cause of the illness, while critics accuse the "MPD" community of fostering false memories of childhood trauma. Here the distinguished philosopher Ian Hacking uses the MPD epidemic and its links with the contemporary concept of child abuse to scrutinize today's moral and political climate, especially our power struggles about memory and our efforts to cope with psychological injuries. What is it like to suffer from multiple personality? Most diagnosed patients are women: why does gender matter? How does defining an illness affect the behavior of those who suffer from it? And, more generally, how do systems of knowledge about kinds of people interact with the people who are known about? Answering these and similar questions, Hacking explores the development of the modern multiple personality movement.
He then turns to a fascinating series of historical vignettes about an earlier wave of multiples, people who were diagnosed as new ways of thinking about memory emerged, particularly in France, toward the end of the nineteenth century. Fervently occupied with the study of hypnotism, hysteria, sleepwalking, and fugue, scientists of this period aimed to take the soul away from the religious sphere. What better way to do this than to make memory a surrogate for the soul and then subject it to empirical investigation? Made possible by these nineteenth-century developments, the current outbreak of dissociative disorders is embedded in new political settings. Rewriting the Soul concludes with a powerful analysis linking historical and contemporary material in a fresh contribution to the archaeology of knowledge. As Foucault once identified a politics that centers on the body and another that classifies and organizes the human population, Hacking has now provided a masterful description of the politics of memory : the scientizing of the soul and the wounds it can receive.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 352 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 22.86mm | 510g
  • New Jersey, United States
  • English
  • 2nd Revised ed.
  • 069105908X
  • 9780691059082
  • 391,582

Back cover copy

"There is little Mr. Hacking leaves untouched. His book ranges from history, science and philosophical rumination to amused reflections on daily life with equal authority and grace. Mr. Hacking writes with a poetic, almost elegiac beauty."--The Washington Times
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Table of contents

Acknowledgments INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 Is It Real? CHAPTER 2 What Is It Like? CHAPTER 3 The Movement CHAPTER 4 Child Abuse CHAPTER 5 Gender CHAPTER 6 Cause CHAPTER 7 Measure CHAPTER 8 Truth in Memory CHAPTER 9 Schizophrenia CHAPTER 10 Before Memory CHAPTER 11 Doubling of the Personality CHAPTER 12 The Very First Multiple Personality CHAPTER 13 Trauma CHAPTER 14 The Sciences of Memory CHAPTER 15 Memoro-Politics CHAPTER 16 Mind and Body CHAPTER 17 An Indeterminacy in the Past CHAPTER 18 False Consciousness Notes Bibliography Index
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Review quote

Winner of the 1995 Pierre Janet Writing Award, International Society for the Study of Dissociation "In this brilliant and provocative new book, Ian Hacking fixes his searching gaze on the hot topic of multiple personality. The results are remarkable... In Hacking's hands, multiple personality emerges as a paradigmatic case study illuminating basic questions about truth, memory, fact and fiction, about knowledge, science, and identity... [This book] treats these impossibly difficult problems of knowability in the human sciences with grace and wisdom."--Ellen Herman, Contemporary Psychology "The details of Hacking's discussion are enthralling and illuminating. He manages to avoid altogether the sensationalism usually associated with treatments of multiple personality, providing an informative history and raising deep and important philosophical issues."--Marya Schechtman, Mind
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About Ian Hacking

Ian Hacking is University Professor of Philosophy and a member of the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology at the University of Toronto. Among his numerous works are The Taming of Chance and Representing and Intervening.
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Rating details

160 ratings
4.09 out of 5 stars
5 33% (53)
4 47% (75)
3 16% (26)
2 4% (6)
1 0% (0)
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