Reporting for the Media
Now in its seventh edition, Reporting for the Media by Fred Fedler, John R. Bender, Lucinda Davenport, and Michael W. Drager continues its outstanding tradition in journalism education, providing both students and instructors with a firm foundation on which to build journalistic success. It teaches readers the most important skills and characteristics of effective reporters: how to be engaged in and curious about the world around them and how to articulate a good story. New features of this updated edition include sections on prewriting, grammar and mechanics, using the Internet, computer-assisted reporting, and interviews. Like its previous editions, this book also contains reading lists, discussion questions, suggested projects, five useful appendices, end-of-chapter checklists, and hundreds of real-life examples and exercises from professionals and students.
- Paperback | 646 pages
- 210.82 x 274.32 x 25.4mm | 1,247.37g
- 30 Sep 2004
- Oxford University Press Inc
- New York, United States
- 7th edition
- illustrations facsimiles, port.
Table of contents
Preface; CHAPTER 1. THE BASICS: FORMAT AND AP STYLE; News Story Format; Copy-editing Symbols; The Associated Press Stylebook and Libel Manual; Accuracy of Names and Facts; Checklist for Copy Preparation; The Writing Coach--The Lucky 13 Ways to Become a Good Writer; CHAPTER 2. GRAMMAR AND SPELLING; Basic Sentence Structure; Active and Passive Voice; Agreement; Ambiguous Pronouns; Plurals and Possessives; "That" and "Which"; "Who" and "Whom"; Misplaced Modifiers; Dangling Modifiers; Personification; Parallel Form; Articles; Spelling; Grammar Checklist; CHAPTER 3. NEWSWRITING STYLE; Prewriting; Simplify Words, Sentences and Paragraphs; Remain Objective; The Writing Coach--Find the Clear Path to Writing Glory; Checklist for Newswriting Style; CHAPTER 4. THE LANGUAGE OF NEWS; The Effectiveness of Words; Be Precise; Use Strong Verbs; Avoiding Problems in Your Writing; Words to Avoid; Other Problems to Avoid; Keep Related Words Together; Checklist for the Language of News; The Writing Coach--Become a Power Lifter When Picking Verbs; CHAPTER 5. SELECTING AND REPORTING THE NEWS; The Characteristics of News; Types of News; Public/Civic Journalism; Applying the Principles of News Selection; The Concept of Objectivity; Details Newspapers Are Reluctant to Publish; The Importance of Accuracy; The Writing Coach--Acronyms Lift Your Writing; CHAPTER 6. BASIC NEWS LEADS; The Summary News Lead; Sentence Structure in Leads; Guidelines for Writing Effective Leads; Avoiding Some Common Errors; Apply the Guidelines to Other Kinds of Leads; Checklist for Writing Leads; The Writing Coach--Oh Were, Oh Where Does the Time Element Go?; CHAPTER 7. ALTERNATIVE LEADS; Criticisms; "Buried" or "Delayed" Leads; Multiparagraph Leads; Using Quotations; Using Questions; Suspenseful Leads; Descriptive Leads; Shocking Leads--With a Twist; Ironic Leads; Direct-Address Leads; Unusual Words Used in Unusual Ways; Other Unusual Leads; The Writing Coach--Too Many Words Can Muddle Writing; CHAPTER 8. THE BODY OF A NEWS STORY; The Inverted Pyramid Style; The Hourglass Style; The Focus Style; The Narrative Style; Using Transitions; Explain the Unfamiliar; The Importance of Examples; The Use of Description; The Use of Humor; The Writing Coach--How to Find the Endings to Stories; The Need to Be Fair; The Final Step: Edit Your Story; Checklist for Writing News Stories; CHAPTER 9. QUOTATIONS AND ATTRIBUTION; Quotations; Blending Quotations and Narrative; Attribution; Guidelines for Capitalizing and Punctuating Quotations; Checklists for Quotations and Attribution; CHAPTER 10. INTERVIEWS; Why Am I Interviewing?; Whom Should I Interview?; When Should I Conduct My Interviews?; Where Should I Conduct the Interview?; What Questions Should I Ask?; How Should I Conduct the Interview?; Writing the Interview Story; The Writing Coach--Figure It: Poetry Can Be in Newspaper Stories; CHAPTER 11. WRITING OBITUARIES; Obituaries Are Not News Stories; Obituaries Are Not Funeral Notices; Sources of Information for Obituaries; The Content of an Obituary; Additional Guidelines for Writing Obituaries; Obituaries for Celebrities; Reporting the Good--And the Bad; Some Final Suggestions; Checklist for Writing Obituaries; CHAPTER 12. SPEECHES AND MEETINGS; Advance Stories; Covering the Speech or Meeting; Follow Stories; Remember Your Readers; Adding Color; Checklists for Reporting Speeches and Meetings; The Writing Coach--Go Beyond the Stick; CHAPTER 13. SPECIALIZED TYPES OF STORIES; Brights; Follow-ups; Roundups; Sidebars; Checklists for Writing Specialized Stories; CHAPTER 14. FEATURE STORIES; Selecting a Topic; Types of Feature Stories; Types of Feature Leads; The Body of a Feature Story; The Ending of a Feature Story; The Writing Coach--Reports, Stories Vital to Newspapers; CHAPTER 15. PUBLIC AFFAIRS REPORTING; Crime and Accidents; Local Government; Courts; A Note About This Chapter's Exercises; Checklists for Public Affairs Reporting; The Writing Coach--The "Knows" Have It for Police and Court Reporters; CHAPTER 16. UNDERSTANDING AND USING THE INTERNET; A Brief History; Journalists and the Internet; E-Mail; Internet Addresses or URLs (Universal Resource Locators); Search Engines and Subject Directories; Mailing Lists and Newsgroups; Ethical Considerations; CHAPTER 17. ADVANCED REPORTING; Using Statistics; Conducting Informal Polls; Using Computers to Get Answers; Checklist for Using Statistics; Checklist for Conducting Informal Polls; CHAPTER 18. WRITING FOR BROADCAST; Writing for Your Listener; Writing for Your Announcer; Types of Leads for Broadcast Stories; The Body of a Broadcast News Story; Updating Broadcast News Stories; Guidelines for Copy Preparation; Editing Copy; Putting Together a Newscast; Sources for Broadcast News; The Newsroom Environment; Checklists for Broadcast Writing; CHAPTER 19. THE NEWS MEDIA AND PR PRACTITIONERS; What Is Public Relations?; Public Relations Agencies; Corporate and Nonprofit Public Relations; Becoming a Public Relations Practitioner; Working with News Media; Elements of a News Release; Types of News Releases; The Journalist's Perspective: Working with Press Releases; The No. 1 Problem: Lack of Newsworthiness; The No. 2 Problem: Lack of Objectivity; Other Problems with News Releases; Some Final Guidelines; Checklist for PR Practitioners; Checklist for Handling News Releases; CHAPTER 20. COMMUNICATIONS LAW; Libel; Privacy; Newsgathering; Checklists; CHAPTER 21. ETHICS; Media Credibility; Ethical Decision Making; Ethics Issues; Checklist for Improving Media Credibility; CHAPTER 22. CAREERS; A Journalist's Attributes; Be the Applicant Who Gets Hired; Job Satisfaction; The Industry Needs More Women and Minorities; Free-lance Writing; Checklist for Finding the Right Journalism Job; APPENDICES; A City Directory; B The Associated Press Stylebook; C Rules for Forming Possessives; D Answer Keys; E Common Writing Errors; Credits; Index