Reporting and Writing

Reporting and Writing : Basics for the 21st Century

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Description

"Reporting and Writing: Basics for the 21st Century" draws on Christopher Scanlan's twenty-five years of work as a journalist, reporter, writer, writing coach, and teacher. It combines his vast experience with the "coaching" approach to teaching writing and journalism: an innovative, user-friendly, and writing-centered method created by University of New Hampshire Professor Donald Murray. This energetic text provides students with skills and tools for learning the basics of journalism as well as for making the transition into a new age of reporting, where reporters must know not only how to write a story but how to navigate the world's new technology.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 656 pages
  • 177.8 x 233.7 x 22.9mm | 929.88g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • facsimiles, portraits
  • 0195155238
  • 9780195155235
  • 1,984,916

Table of contents

Preface; Acknowledgments; Contributors; Foreword by Donald M. Murray; The Coaching Way: How to Get the Most Out of This Book; CHAPTER 1. NEWS THINKING IN A CHANGING WORLD; What's the News?; What Is News?; Developing Critical Thinking Skills; A Life in Journalism: Rhea Borja, Richmond Times-Dispatch; Three Basic Elements of News; First, the Bad News; Developing Your News Senses; Where News Comes From; How to Find News; Knowing Your Audience; How Audience Affects Content; Seeing News as Culture; News in the Information Age; News Thinking: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 2. THE REPORTER'S TOOLBOX; Introduction; Part 1: Reporting and Writing Tools; Competence in the Newsroom: Visual Literacy; Working with Photos and Photojournalists; Part 2: Reporting and Research Tools for Today's Wired Journalist; A Reporter's Best Friend: A Librarian; Part 3: The Reporter's Mind-Set; An Accuracy Checklist; Sacred Texts: What Prize-Winning Journalists Read for Inspiration; Tool Sharpening: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 3. A PROCESS APPROACH TO REPORTING AND WRITING; A Life in Journalism; Reporters at Work: The Process Approach; News Thinking I: Getting Ideas; Idea Generators: Creativity Skills for Today's Journalists; Brainstorming the School Budget Story; Collect: Reporting the Story; Reporting by E-Mail; Story Example; Developing a Reporting Plan; News Thinking II--Focus: Thinking of Stories; Story Example; Checklist: Finding a Focus; Focusing Your Story; Student Example; Order: Mapping Your Story; Checklist: Mapping Your Story; Student Example; Draft: Writing the Story; Checklist: Discover by Drafting; A Word About Voice; Revise: Rewriting the Story; Student Example: Revising the Story; Guidelines for Revision; Student Examples; Checklist: Rewriting for Readers; Riding the Roller Coaster: The Ups and Downs of Reporting and Writing; Writers at Work: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 4. FINDING AND WRITING A LEAD; Introduction; Mastering the Five W's, an H and SW; Breaking Down the Lead; The Two Types of Leads: "Tell Me the News," "Tell Me a Story"; The Lexicon of Leads; "Tell Me the News" Leads: Summary and Analysis Leads; "Tell Me a Story" Leads: Anecdotal, Significant Detail, Round-Up and Emblem Leads; Story Example: An Anecdotal Approach; How I Wrote the Story; Exploding the Myths of Lead Writing; Discovering the Point: How to Write a Lead; Finding the Tension; Choosing the Right Lead; Avoiding Cliches of Lead Writing; Revising Your Lead; Testing the Anecdotal Lead; Tips for Revising Leads; Writing Workshop; Notes from the Scene: From a Reporter's Notebook; Lead Writing: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 5. STORY FORMS: SHAPING THE NEWS; Introduction; Story Forms; Inverted Pyramid Example; Hourglass Example; Student Example; Nut Graf Example; The Narrative: The Way We Tell Stories; Narrative Example; How I Wrote the Story; Five Boxes Story; The Serial Narrative: "To Be Continued ... "; A Serial Narrative Glossary; Conclusion; Birth of the Inverted Pyramid: A Child of Technology, Commerce and History; Shaping the News: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 6. LEARNING TO LISTEN: BUILDING INTERVIEWING SKILLS; Introduction; Interviewers at Work: The Process of Interviewing; Deadline Reporting: How Telephone Interviews Become Stories; Red Light, Green Light: Asking Questions That Start and Stop Conversation; The Craft of Interviewing: Learning to Listen; Advice for Interviewers; Getting It Down, Getting It Right: The Importance of Note-Taking; To Tape or Not to Tape; How People Talk: Getting Quotes, Using Them Effectively; Using Quotes: Do's and Don'ts; Keeping Confidences: On or Off the Record; Interview Ground Rules; Tips for E-Mail Interviews; Interviewing: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 7. MAKING CONNECTIONS: DIVERSITY AND THE NEWS; Introduction; Minorities in the Newsroom and the News; Tips for Better News Coverage of Minorities; Stereotypes and Other Cliches of Vision; The Case for Cultural Competence in Journalism; Reporter's Toolbox: The Five W's of Diversity; Reporter's Toolbox: Talking Across Difference; Reporter's Toolbox: Guidelines for Racial Identifiers in News Stories; Reporter's Toolbox: Resources and Strategies for Connecting with Diverse Communities; Reporting and Writing About Difference: Story Examples; Student Example 1; Student Example 2; Professional Example; Making Connections: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 8. REPORTING AND WRITING BROADCAST NEWS; Introduction; Working Fast; A Life in Journalism: Tiffany Murray, KIVI-TV; Broadcast Style; Newspaper Version; Television Version; How I Wrote the Story; Teases and Tags: Starting Off, Ending Right; Advice from a Television Newsroom; Broadcast Interview Tips; Writing for Broadcast; From Print to TV: Making the Shift; On-Camera Preparation/Performance Tips; Broadcast Quality: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 9. WRITING ONLINE NEWS; Introduction; Storytelling and News in the Electronic Age; A Life in Journalism: Jonathan Dube, Charlotte Observer; How I Wrote the Story; As We May Write: Hypertext and the Future of Writing; Tips from an Online Newsroom: Q&A with Michael Rogers, Editor and General Manager, Newsweek.com; Roads to "Way New Journalism"; Writing the Online Story: A Process Approach; Think Links; Tips from an Online Newsroom: Q&A with Glenn McLaren, Assistant Editor, Internet Edition, Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel; Multimedia: Reporting Live on Your Computer; News Forms for a Digital Age; Tips from an Online Newsroom: Q&A with David Ho, The Wall Street Journal Interactive Edition; Electronic Ethics: Brave New World; A Final Word; Online Writing: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 10. FIRST ASSIGNMENTS; Introduction; Tips for Success for Beginning Journalists; First Assignment: Writing About Accidents; First Assignment: Writing About Fires; First Assignment: Writing About Festivals, Fairs, Parades and More; Story Ideas for Fairs, Festivals, Parades and More; First Assignment: Writing About Meetings and Hearings; A Life in Journalism: Heather Svokos, Lexington Herald Leader; First Assignment: Writing About Speeches; Writing the Speech Story; First Assignment: Writing Obituaries; A Life in Journalism: Greg Toppo, The Associated Press; How I Wrote the Story; First Assignment: Writing About News Releases; Writing Workshop: Writing a Police Brief; First Assignments: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 11. DOING THE RIGHT THING: LIBEL, PRIVACY AND ETHICS; Introduction; Libel; A Life in Journalism: Frank Greve, Knight Ridder Newspapers; Privacy; A New Trend: Reportorial Conduct; Taping Phone Calls; Copyright and the Journalist; Ethical Decision Making; Doing Ethics: Ask Good Questions to Make Good Ethical Decisions; Guiding Principles for the Journalist; Conflict of Interest; Ethics in American Newsrooms: A Brief History by Robert Haiman; Fabrication: The Legend on the License; The Ethics of Reconstruction; Where Credit Is Due: Avoiding Plagiarism; Doing the Right Think: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 12. STORYTELLING ON DEADLINE; A Life in Journalism; The Clock Is Ticking; What's a Story; The Process of Storytelling on Deadline; Enterprise: A Broadcast Storyteller's View: John Larson, NBC's "Dateline"; Finding Stories in the News; Reporting for Story; Reporting Techniques; Focusing in the Field; Planning on the Fly; Drafting on Deadline; Rewriting for Readers and Viewers; Story Example; How I Wrote the Story; A Conversation with Mark Fritz of The Associated Press; The Clock Ticks: How a Deadline Storyteller Works; How I Wrote the Story; Storytelling on Deadline: A Writing Workshop; Deadline Storytelling: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 13. ON THE BEAT; Ingredients of Successful Beat Reporting; Getting--and Staying--Organized; The New Beats; First Beat: Covering a Community; Story Example 1; Story Example 2; Covering a New Frontier: The Suburbs; Beginner's Beats: Covering Government; Beginner's Beats: Covering Council Meetings; Student Example; Beginner's Beats: Covering Cops; A Life in Journalism: Karin Fischer, Charleston Daily Mail; Tips for Covering Cops; Essential Terms for Police Reporters; Covering Cops: From News Release to Brief to Story; Beginner's Beats: Covering Courts; Glossary: Essential Terms for the Court Reporter; Beginner's Beats: Covering Education; A Life in Journalism: Holly Kurtz, Orlando Sentinel; Beginner's Beats: Covering Sports; Story Example; How I Wrote the Story; Working a Beat: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 14. NUMBERS AND THE BEGINNING JOURNALIST; Introduction; Why Math Matters; Numbers in the News: A Random Sample; The Basic Math Skills You'll Need; Rates and Percents; Math Workshop: Percentages; Changing Decimals to Percents and Vice Versa; Percent Of; Rates; Per-Capita Rate; A Life in Journalism: Making News Sense of Numbers; Reporting on Budgets; Advanced Math Skills; Vital Statistics: Birth, Death, Health, Disease; Polls and Surveys: Numbers That Tell Us What We Think; Writing with Numbers; Tips from the Experts; Reporter's Toolbox: Calculators; Getting Smarter; Making Sense of Numbers: The Coaching Way; CHAPTER 15. GETTING--AND KEEPING--A JOB; Introduction; Job Hunting: Step by Step; Frequently Asked Questions About Job Interviews; Job Prospects, Salaries and Benefits: What You Can Expect; Jim Naughton's Rules for Job Hunting; Start at a Small Paper; Keeping a Job; A Life in Journalism: Lessons to a New Reporter (From an Almost New One); Top 10 Ways to Survive Your First Year in Journalism (And Every Year After); Getting--and Keeping--a Job: The Coaching Way; APPENDIX; CREDITS; INDEX; Every chapter ends with a Glossary of Important Terms, Exercises, Readings, and a Hotlistshow more

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