Report on Steam Ice Processes

Report on Steam Ice Processes : Physical and Biological Effects and Relationship to Hydroelectric Projects

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The subject of this report is stream ice formation and its effects on the physical and biological environment of high mountain streams. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is interested in this subject because of the potential effects of hydroelectric projects on stream ice conditions and the indirect effects on stream biota and ecology. The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of information from the available literature on stream ice formation and its effects, and to document relationships that exist between stream icing and hydropower project operation that might cause biological impacts, such as fish mortality. Because this potential for biological impact due to stream icing and hydropower project operation exists, some preliminary guidance for evaluating the potential for projectrelated impact is provided in Section 2. The report focuses on impacts on small high-gradient streams in the western United States, particularly California, Idaho, and Montana. Although the focus is on impacts in the western states, experience with ice processes and ecological effects in other areas of the country is considered, primarily to expand the limited information more

Product details

  • Paperback | 104 pages
  • 215.9 x 279.4 x 5.84mm | 326.58g
  • Createspace
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1514190834
  • 9781514190838