Report of the United States National Museum

Report of the United States National Museum

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1922 edition. Excerpt: comparing English prints with a specimen from the Electro-Tint Engraving Co., of Philadelphia, "A Basket' of Fruit," taken from the objects and giving a remarkably accurate representation of color and texture. It is very realistic, but not especially artistic, but shows very accurate work on the part of the engraver and printer. The Matthews-Northrup Works, of Buffalo, added 24 specimens of halftone work in color. These, with the work of several other companies, give a good idea of the quality of the work being done in this country at the present time. The historical exhibit extends from 1854 to date, Paul Pretsch's early relief prints probably being the first halftones. The series, however, is not as complete as it should be, and early specimens will be welcome. The technical series is in a more complete form, although little has been added this year. A large and comprehensive exhibit of lithography has been installed showing the history of the process. This method is so different from the intaglio or relief methods that a brief history of its development may not be amiss in this report. It was discovered by Alois Senefelder about 1796--1798 and makes it possible to print from a perfectly flat surface. Stone was at first used and still remains the best surface to print from, although various metals are now much used. The picture desired is drawn on the smooth surface of the stone with a greasy crayon and is firmly attached with a solution of gum arabic and dilute nitric'acid. It is then ready for the printer, who first wets the stone with water and then rolls it up with printer's ink. The ink is repelled by the moisture in the stone, sticking only to the greasy parts, therefore printing duplicates of the...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 96 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 186g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236757866
  • 9781236757869