Excerpt from Report of the Chemist: For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1921
Despite the many adverse conditions created by the war and discussed in the report of the chemist from year to year. The net result of the policies ust outlined has been such a notable improve ment in the quality and the volume of the bureau's scientific work that, during the fiscal year scientific contributions were made to various technical journals.' In addition, 7 department bulletins, 3 farmers' bulletins, and 3 department circulars were published and 1 department bulletin was issued jointly with another bureau. At the beginning of the fiscal year 15 applications for public service patents were pending. Eight additional applications were filed dur ing the year; 6 were granted, 6 denied, and 11 are pending.
The responsibility for the enforcement of the food and drugs act placed upon the bureau by Congress necessarily retarded tempo rarily the bureau's research work because the organization of the administration of the law required, for a time at least, the serv ices of the best minds in the bureau. It drew many of the ablest scientists into executive work and caused a sudden mushroomlike growth of the staff. Such growth always brings complications in its train. In 1913 the research functions and the regulatory functions were intimately mixed, and one was interfering with the other. Experience has shown that the same individual can not at the same time do scientific research and regulatory work and do them both well. The demands of regulatory work are immediate, those of scientific research remote. Usually research is sacrificed. Moreover, rarely is one person capable of performing both types of work equally well. Apparently one demands a different kind of mind than the other. The situation was cured, simply, effectively, and permanently, by dividing the staff into two fairly distinct services, a research and a regulatory branch. Thus only in exceptional cases has the same individual both research and regulatory duties to per form.
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