The Renaissance, the Protestant Revolution and the Catholic Reformation in Continental Europe

The Renaissance, the Protestant Revolution and the Catholic Reformation in Continental Europe

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 edition. Excerpt: ...promise to reside in the defense of the Papacy.) _Su_c_h__a, situation naturally ma, de, Italy_l_1ostil_e_tQ__the German ideas of reform. ii The pagan Leo, with his indescribable charm of speech, his magnanimity, his learning, and his love of art, gave place to the austere Adrian VI (I522-23) who was received with ill-concealed contempt as un pontefice di nazione burl/am. The new pope, born in Utrecht, had been a tutor of Charles V; and from humble origin he had risen to be cardinal-bishop of Tortosa. He had been the papal legate in Spain and had done much in that country to reform monastic life. But he had never set foot in Rome until he entered it as pontifi', and there his personality was altogether unknown. His ascension to the papal office marked an abrupt transition; and as his plans for a thoB)ugh--going reform, not only of Rome but of the entire Church, were unfolded the contempt in which he was held by Leo's retainers deepened into hatred. But Adrian was not able tgcomplete the gigantic task he had undertaken. He was, indeed, scarcely able to begindit. Confronted with the implacable hos tility of the curia, he found the funds at his disposal altogether inadequate and, making the situation more diflicult, the pestilence became epidemic in the Eternal City. Then, too, the increasing peril of the Turks demanded his attention. Adrian met all these obstacles with determination; and the chief cause of his failure to carry out his program was the brevity of his pontificate which lasted only twenty months. On September I4, I 523, the last of the non-Italian popes died, and he was succeeded by another Mcdicianpope, the worldly, shifting, and procrastinating Clement VII.. ' iBut there was left in Italy a man quite as much Adrian had...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 266 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 14mm | 481g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236900421
  • 9781236900425