Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems for Resource Management in Developing Countries

Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems for Resource Management in Developing Countries

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There is a growing realization that our expanding population and thirst for industrial and technological development directly threaten our environment. This awareness has emerged as the nations of the world have developed a global outlook; the earth was seen and photographed as a whole for the first time during the Apollo missions of the late 1960s; also there is increasing recogni.tion that the earth functions as a single system in which every living organism interacts with every other, and that ecological processes do not recognize geo-political boundaries. At the same time however, concern with our environment must be balanced against the need to provide food, housing, health care, education and employment for the growing populace. This conflict can only be resolved through careful management of the earth's resources. Management of natural resources implies knowledge regarding their state, distribution and dynamics. This in tum implies the active collection and recording of environmental data. In fact such data have been collected throughout history.
From the earliest civilizations inventories, through field surveys, have been made concerning the spatial organization of the environment. These have then been translated, through the process of cartography, into maps; maps for navigation, for military use, for agriculturalists, maps of a general nature such as topographic maps, and thematic maps showing more specific themes such as land use.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 506 pages
  • 156 x 234 x 28mm | 901g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands, United States
  • English
  • 1991 ed.
  • 1 black & white illustrations, 6 colour illustrations, biography
  • 0792312686
  • 9780792312680

Table of contents

1. Principles of Remote Sensing: Electromagnetic Radiation, Reflectance and Emissivity.- 2. Principles of Remote Sensing: Interaction of Electromagnetic Radiation with the Atmosphere and the Earth.- 3. Spectral Characteristics of Vegetation, Soil and Water in the Visible, Near-infrared and Middle-infrared wavelengths.- 4. Remote Sensing Systems: Sensors and Platforms.- 5. The Processing and Interpretation of Remotely-sensed Satellite Imagery: A Current View.- 6. A Quantitative approach to remote sensing: Sensor calibration and comparison.- 7. The current status of ERS-1 and the role of radar remote sensing for the management of natural resources in developing countries.- 8. Vegetation Canopy Reflectance: Factors of Variation and Application for Agriculture.- 9. Remote Sensing for Vegetation Monitoring on Regional and Global Scales.- 10. Remote Sensing and Agricultural Production Monitoring in Sahelian Countries.- 11. Rainfall Estimation in Africa using Remote Sensing Techniques.- 12 Watershed Degradation - Use of Thermal Data and Vegetation Indices as Indicators of Environmental Changes - Hydrological Implications of Changes in Land Surface Cover.- 13. Remote Sensing for Tropical Forest Monitoring: An Overview.- 14. Basic Principles of Geographic Information Systems.- 15. Computer Systems for Geographic Information Systems.- 16. Data Input and Output.- 17. Spatial Databases.- 18. Data Analysis and Modelling.- 19. Errors in Geographic Information Systems.- 20. Spatial Data Analysis in Raster Based GIS: An Introduction to Geometric Characterization.- 21. An Introduction to Expert Systems in Spatial Data Analysis.- 22. Land Use Model Using a Geographical Information System.- 23. Soil Geographic Database: Structure and application example.- 24. Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing in Land Use and Erosion Studies.- 25. GIS Education and Training.
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