Excerpt from Remarks on the Subject of the Ownership of Slaves: Delivered by R. R. Collier of Petersburg, in the Senate of Virginia; October 12, 1863
But, Mr. President, that is the right of an independent isolated state that is, a state untrammeled by any compact or treaty with any other. It is not the right of a state in the act of being formed out of terri tory belonging in common to states already in a federal Union, under a compact ratified by them. The federal compact was supreme over the settlers of such territory, and in our system it was obligatory upon them, to the extent and intendment that they who inhabited the terri tory should establish the republican system. That was the federal guar antee to the territorial people. That was the idea. And not that the con stitution of the federal Union carried slavery into the territories, be yond the power of the people to control it, as they might control other property. The owners of the slaves, having equal privileges of citizen ship with the owners of other property from any other states, carried them there, and the republican principle protected the ownership of that property, equally with that of any ether property - no more or less; and the inference of Mr. Lincoln, in the discussion with Mr. Douglas, that if the constitution carried slavery into the territories, it also might carry it into the free states, was an absurdity, though it was so put, and not exposed, as to deceive thousands.
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