The Religions of India. Brahmanism and Buddhism

The Religions of India. Brahmanism and Buddhism

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1903 edition. Excerpt: ... lived ill he lived again in a lower form than that in which he had sinned, he would pass into an animal, or a person of lower rank, and it would take him more such lives to get to the end of the existences ordained for him. If he lived well, he rose in the scale at his next birth and came nearer to the end. The best of all would be when he had passed through all the lives appointed for him, and could die his last death from which he would not need to be born into the world any more. This doctrine of re-birth or transmigration is often thought to be characteristic of Buddhism in which it is certainly prominent, but no one can read the Upanishads without seeing that it had taken possession of the mind of India before the new religion appeared. A part of Brahmanism, however, which Buddhism did not adopt was the system of asramas or exercises by which the great ends of identification with the Self of the universe, and of final cessation from existence were sought after. To every well-born Indian, Brahmanism offered a career which embraced the whole of life and led at last, if resolutely followed, to the desired end. It did not, like Christian monasticism, withdraw the votary entirely from the world, but provided that, at one period of his life, the duties which every man owed to society and to the various gods, should be discharged. This period of life, however, during which a man lived in his home with his family, was placed between two periods of withdrawal in such a way as to appear a mere temporary and exceptional change of his career. This is set forth in detail in the laws of Manu and other codes which belong to a later period, but the principles of it are all present in the Upanishads, and even the gods are there represented more

Product details

  • Paperback | 26 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 1mm | 68g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236847784
  • 9781236847782