The Regional Roots of Developmental Politics in India
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The Regional Roots of Developmental Politics in India : A Divided Leviathan

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India is widely regarded as the most celebrated case of a "failed" developmental state, seemingly the exception that belies the prediction of a triumphant Asian century. Its central political and economic institutions have been variously characterized as both "soft" and "strong"-at once weak, predatory, and interventionist. Aseema Sinha presents an innovative model that questions conventional views of economic development by showing that the Indian state is a divided leviathan: its developmental failure is the combined product of central-local interactions and political choices by regional elites. To develop this disaggregated model, she examines three regional states with sharply divergent development trajectories: Gujarat, West Bengal, and Tamil Nadu. Drawing on recent work in comparative political economy, the theory of nested games, incentive theory, and an ethnographic analysis of business actors, this study directs analytical attention at the creation of micro-institutions at the subnational level, explores the role of provinces in shaping investment flows, and considers the role of federalism as a mediating institution shaping the vertical strategies of provinces. A comparative chapter applies the model to data from China, Brazil, Russia, and the former Soviet Union.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 384 pages
  • 154.9 x 233.7 x 25.4mm | 544.32g
  • Indiana University Press
  • Bloomington, IN, United States
  • English
  • 11 figures, 4 maps, 1 index
  • 0253216818
  • 9780253216816
  • 2,000,596

About Aseema Sinha

Aseema Sinha is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 2004-05, she will be a Fellow of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.show more

Table of contents

ContentsList of Tables, Figures, and MapsPrefaceA Note on TerminologyList of AbbreviationsPart One. Introduction and Theoretical Framework1. The Puzzle of Developmental Failure and Success The Puzzle of India's Developmental State Unpacking Developmental States: A Multilevel Framework Applying the Framework to India Globalization in India (19912004) Infranational Comparisons and Comparative Politics Plan of the Book2. A Theory of Polycentric Hierarchy India and Comparative Politics A Theory of a Multilevel Hierarchy: Territory, Divided Government, and Nested Games Business Responses and Investor Behavior in a Dirigiste but Multilevel State Design of Study: Selection of Cases ConclusionPart Two. National-Level Analysis3. Disaggregating the Central State Regional Variation in Large-Scale Investment A Competing Political Explanation: Central Discrimination An Alternative Institutionalist Explanation: The Central State Designed to Fail Political Economy of the Divided State Liberalization and the Central State in India ConclusionPart Three. Subnational Variation Mapped4. Regional Strategies toward the Dirigiste State Bureaucratic Developmentalism in Gujarat West Bengal: The Strategy of Partisan Confrontation Mixed Vertical Strategy in Tamil Nadu: Anti-Center Mobilization (196777) and Opportunistic Alliance Formation (1980s) The Phase of Anti-Center Strategy Alliance Formation and Opportunistic Bargaining with the Center Vertical Interactions in Pre-1991 India Vertical Interactions in Post-1991 India Conclusion5. The Subnational State as a Developmental Actor Why Are Regional Institutions Important, and How Do They Matter? Developmental Strategies in Indian Regional States Institutional Capacities in India's Regions Sticky Institutions in West Bengal, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu after 1991: A Comparative Institutional Analysis Conclusion6. Divided Loyalties: The Regional Politics of Divergence Gujarat: The Roots of Classic Competitive Capitalism West Bengal: Politics of Vertical Confrontation and Regional Protection Tamil Nadu: Cultural Subnationalism and Industrialization Conclusion 7. Weapons of the Strong: Business Responses in the Regions Business Responses to Licensing State-Level Entry Costs Incentives versus Infrastructure: Corporate Responses Institutional Credibility Micro-Regulatory Costs at the State Level ConclusionPart Four. India in Comparative Perspective8. Comparative Extensions A Comparative Theory of Developmental Failure and Success Applying the Theory to Other Cases The Impact of Size and Territorial Differentiation on Central Rulers (Proposition IV) Comparing China with Democratic India and Democratic Brazil: Does Democracy Matter? Conclusion9. Conclusion: Regional Landscapes and Economic Development in Dirigiste States Lessons from Subnational Pathways in India National Political Institutions and Regional Strategies Neoliberalism, Institutional Change, and Regional Activism Toward a Comparative Theory of Developmental Failure and SuccessAppendix: A Game Theory Model of Economic Policy in a Centralized FederationNotesWorks CitedIndexshow more

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