Excerpt from Reform of Reformatories and Industrial Schools
Children committed to these schools must be under the age of fourteen, and cannot be detained beyond the age of sixteen. Begging, found destitute, consorting with thieves or prostitutes, are causes for such committal. A child under twelve charged with a punishable offence, who has not been previously convicted, may also be sent to an industrial school, as may also a refractory child charged by its parents with being beyond their control. Under the Education Act of 1876 children whose education is neglected by parents, or who are wandering or not under control, must be proceeded against by the School Board, and an order made by the magistrate for the child to attend school. Should this order not be complied with, such non compliance not being the fault of the parent, the child may then be sent by the magistrate to an industrial school. This has led to the establishment by some School Boards of a separate class of industrial schools, viz., truant schools. To these only truants are sent, and the periods of detention are short. Under this Act industrial day schools were also instituted.
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